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Morphology and bloom dynamics of Cochlodinium geminatum (Schutt) Schutt in the Pearl River Estuary, South China Sea
Shen, PP; Li, YN; Qi, YZ; Zhang, LP; Tan, YH; Huang, LM;;
Source PublicationHARMFUL ALGAE
AbstractAn unarmored dinoflagellate bloom of Cochlodinium geminatum (Schutt) Schutt has been identified in the Pearl River Estuary, South China Sea during the severe dry season, from late October to early November, 2009, when temperature and salinity ranged between 20.0-27.2 degrees C and 10.6-33.4, respectively. Light and scanning electron microscopy were used to identify the characteristics of C. geminatum and provided the clear morphological structure for this species. The organism was primarily found in chains of two cells or single cell, and no longer chains were observed. Cells were irregularly spherical or slightly dorsoventrally, with size ranged between 28 and 36 pm and longer than wide. A large nucleus in the center with numerous golden chloroplasts was present, and the cingulum made 1.5 turns around the cell. The concentration of C. geminatum ranged from 102 to greater than 10(7) cells l(-1) during the bloom period. Nutrient concentration ranges during the bloom were 1.29-81.00 mu M NO3, 0.14-12.14 mu M NO2, 0.21-6.29 mu M NH4, 0.23-6.26 mu M PO4 and 3.29-171.43 mu M SiO3, respectively. Total biomass expressed in terms of chlorophyll a ranged from 2.44 to 135.45 mu g l(-1), with an average 19.9 mu g l(-1) in surface water throughout the PRE. Two main clusters corresponding to the water sectors were defined with multivariate analysis (cluster and nMDS). Based on the composition and abundance of phytoplankton, spatial variations were observed at a significant level (ANOSIM, R = 0.44, P < 0.01). Although the pairwise correlation analysis detected no significant effect of any single environmental variable on the abundance of C. geminatum, the multivariate analysis (BIO-ENV) between biotic and abiotic variables resulted in the best variables combination with all measured factors involved (temperature, salinity, turbidity, NO3, NO2, NH4, PO4 and SiO3) which showed a combined effect during the bloom of C. geminatum in the Pearl River Estuary (rho(w) = 0.477). (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department[Shen, Ping-Ping; Li, Ya-Nan; Zhang, Lv-Ping; Tan, Ye-Hui; Huang, Liang-Min] Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Marine Bioresources Sustainable Utilizat, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Li, Ya-Nan] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China; [Qi, Yu-Zao] Jinan Univ, Res Ctr Harmful Algae & Aquat Environm, Guangzhou 510632, Guangdong, Peoples R China
KeywordBloom Dynamics Cochlodinium Geminatum Environmental Factors Multivariate Analysis Pearl River Estuary
Subject AreaMarine & Freshwater Biology
Funding ProjectLMB
WOS IDWOS:000300132600002
Citation statistics
Cited Times:9[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shen, PP,Li, YN,Qi, YZ,et al. Morphology and bloom dynamics of Cochlodinium geminatum (Schutt) Schutt in the Pearl River Estuary, South China Sea[J]. HARMFUL ALGAE,2012,13:41566.
APA Shen, PP.,Li, YN.,Qi, YZ.,Zhang, LP.,Tan, YH.,...& and bloom dynamics of Cochlodinium geminatum (Schutt) Schutt in the Pearl River Estuary, South China Sea.HARMFUL ALGAE,13,41566.
MLA Shen, PP,et al."Morphology and bloom dynamics of Cochlodinium geminatum (Schutt) Schutt in the Pearl River Estuary, South China Sea".HARMFUL ALGAE 13(2012):41566.
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