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A palaeoenvironmental study of the Shiniusi archaeological sites in the Wujiang Drainage Area, upper Yangtze River, Chongqing region, China
Luo, CX; Zheng, Z; Zou, HX; Bai, JJ; Yuan, DS; Wang, H; Pan, AD; Li, CH; Li, J; Cao, LL; eezhuo@126.com
2012
发表期刊QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL
ISSN1040-6182
卷号281页码:66-77
摘要Environmental archaeology helps researchers understand the correlation between environmental changes and their impacts on human civilization. One such study is taking place along the Wujiang river in Chongqing, China, at and near the Shiniusi site. Moss samples were obtained under natural mountain vegetation, along with soil samples from the QST4 unit at the Shiniusi site and surface soil sites from nearby archeological sites. By combining comprehensive palynology, charcoal, and isotopic chronology analyses with cultural artifacts, and comparing the results with those from adjacent sites, historical insights were obtained. The modern pollen assemblage of the Wujiang comprises mostly monolete spores and tree pollen, with no pollen from the Brassicaceae or rice (Oryza sativa), indicating a lack of human activity. The modern pollen and spore assemblage at nearby sites contains more trilete spores than monolete spores, and increased pollen from the Brassicaceae and Poaceae, indicating increased human activity. From the Shang Dynasty to the Song Dynasty, the pollen and spore assemblage of the QST4 unit was mainly monolete spores and the pollen of trees and herbaceous vegetation, with little pollen of rice and none of the Brassicaceae. Since the Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644 AD), the pollen and spore assemblage has approached the modern assemblage near the archeological site, with more trilete spores than monolete spores, and increased pollen from the Brassicaceae and Poaceae, indicating greater human activity correlated with cultivation of rice and brassicaceous vegetables. The dominant pollen was from the Brassicaceae, the Poaceae, and the Fabaceae in the CJ unit at the Chenjiazui archeological site from the Zhou Dynasty (1100 to 256 BC) until modern times. High contents of micro-charcoal grains <125 mu m from the Shang and Zhou Dynasties to the Han Dynasty are probably correlated with natural forest fires and climate change, and show reduced human impacts. The increase in micro-charcoal grains >125 mu m since the Tang Dynasty is probably correlated with local grassland burning to fertilize crops. (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.
部门归属[Luo, Chuanxiu; Zheng, Zhuo; Li, Jie; Cao, Linglong] Sun Yat Sen Univ, Dept Earth Sci, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Luo, Chuanxiu] Chinese Acad Sci, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Marginal Sea Geol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Zou, Houxi; Bai, Jiujiang; Yuan, Dongshan] Chongqing Cultural Rel Inst, Chongqing 400013, Peoples R China; [Wang, Hong] Sun Yat Sen Univ, Dept Anthropol, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Pan, Anding] Guangzhou Univ, Geog Sci Inst, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Li, Chunhai] Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geog & Limnol, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
学科领域Geography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
语种英语
资助项目海洋地质
WOS记录号WOS:000311767800009
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/10287
专题中科院边缘海地质重点实验室
通讯作者eezhuo@126.com
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Luo, CX,Zheng, Z,Zou, HX,et al. A palaeoenvironmental study of the Shiniusi archaeological sites in the Wujiang Drainage Area, upper Yangtze River, Chongqing region, China[J]. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,2012,281:66-77.
APA Luo, CX.,Zheng, Z.,Zou, HX.,Bai, JJ.,Yuan, DS.,...&eezhuo@126.com.(2012).A palaeoenvironmental study of the Shiniusi archaeological sites in the Wujiang Drainage Area, upper Yangtze River, Chongqing region, China.QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,281,66-77.
MLA Luo, CX,et al."A palaeoenvironmental study of the Shiniusi archaeological sites in the Wujiang Drainage Area, upper Yangtze River, Chongqing region, China".QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL 281(2012):66-77.
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