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Long-term Decline of a Fringing Coral Reef in the Northern South China Sea
Zhao, MX; Yu, KF; Zhang, QM; Shi, Q; Price, GJ
2012
发表期刊JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH
ISSN0749-0208
卷号28期号:5页码:1088-1099
摘要The Luhuitou coral reef is a fringing reef at Hainan Island in the northern South China Sea. Since the 1960s, the reef has experienced several significant ecological changes. During that interval, the mean coral cover decreased dramatically from 80-90% in 1962-65 and to just 12% in 2009. In the 1960s, the coral community structure was divided into three well-defined zones: a Goniastrea zone and Montipora zone (both on the reef flat) and an Acropora zone (on the reef slope). However, by 2009, Porites lutea became the dominant species on the reef flat, whereas the predominance of Acropora on the reef slope weakened significantly. There are few long-established Porites lutea colonies present, with approximately 80% being younger than 30 years old. This demographic pattern differs significantly from healthy coral reefs, which are typically dominated by large, well-established (and mature) coral colonies. The long-term decline of the Luhuitou coral reef has most likely been driven as a result of anthropogenic activities, such as overfishing, destructive fishing, reef rock digging, and mariculture and tourism activities. Our study reinforces previous works and highlights the vulnerability of coral reefs to anthropogenic impacts.
部门归属[Zhao, Meixia; Yu, Kefu; Zhang, Qiaomin; Shi, Qi] Chinese Acad Sci, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Marginal Sea Geol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Price, Gilbert J.] Univ Queensland, Ctr Microscopy & Microanal, Radiogen Isotope Lab, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia
关键词Coral Reef Decline Human Activities Fringing Reef South China Sea
学科领域Environmental Sciences ; Geography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
语种英语
资助项目海洋地质
WOS记录号WOS:000308774400011
引用统计
被引频次:24[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/10311
专题中科院边缘海地质重点实验室
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Zhao, MX,Yu, KF,Zhang, QM,et al. Long-term Decline of a Fringing Coral Reef in the Northern South China Sea[J]. JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH,2012,28(5):1088-1099.
APA Zhao, MX,Yu, KF,Zhang, QM,Shi, Q,&Price, GJ.(2012).Long-term Decline of a Fringing Coral Reef in the Northern South China Sea.JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH,28(5),1088-1099.
MLA Zhao, MX,et al."Long-term Decline of a Fringing Coral Reef in the Northern South China Sea".JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH 28.5(2012):1088-1099.
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