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Black Disease (Terpios hoshinota): A Probable Cause for the Rapid Coral Mortality at the Northern Reef of Yongxing Island in the South China Sea
Shi, Q; Liu, G; Yan, HQ; Zhang, HL; shiqi@scsio.ac.cn; sdlgbio@126.com; yhq9807@163.com; zhanghuiling0375@126.com
2012
发表期刊AMBIO
ISSN0044-7447
卷号41期号:5页码:446-455
摘要The northern reef of Yongxing Island, the largest reef island of the Xisha Islands in the South China Sea, was in good condition with significant cover of scleractinian corals until 2002. Surveys in 2008 and 2010, however, found that coral coverage had declined rapidly and severely, implying that catastrophic coral mortality occurred during the past 8 years. A blackish mat was observed covering live and dead corals in both 2008 and 2010 that was identified as an encrusting sponge, Terpios hoshinota, by special surface morphology and spicule structure. In addition, spicule residues were found on the surface of long-dead corals, indicating a previous invasion of T. hosinota. T. hoshinota is referred to as the "black disease" because it rapidly overgrows and kills corals. Our evidence indicates that outbreaks of black disease are at least partially responsible for the massive coral mortality at the northern reef of Yongxing Island over the past 8 years, although human activities and heat-related coral bleaching cannot be discounted as minor causes for this coral decline.
部门归属[Shi, Qi; Liu, Guo; Yan, Hong Qiang; Zhang, Hui Ling] Chinese Acad Sci, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Marginal Sea Geol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
关键词Coral Mortality Black Disease Terpios Hoshinota Human Activities Coral Bleaching Crown-of-thorns Starfish South China Sea
学科领域Engineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
语种英语
资助项目海洋地质
WOS记录号WOS:000306121200003
引用统计
被引频次:14[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/10331
专题中科院边缘海地质重点实验室
通讯作者shiqi@scsio.ac.cn; sdlgbio@126.com; yhq9807@163.com; zhanghuiling0375@126.com
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Shi, Q,Liu, G,Yan, HQ,et al. Black Disease (Terpios hoshinota): A Probable Cause for the Rapid Coral Mortality at the Northern Reef of Yongxing Island in the South China Sea[J]. AMBIO,2012,41(5):446-455.
APA Shi, Q.,Liu, G.,Yan, HQ.,Zhang, HL.,shiqi@scsio.ac.cn.,...&zhanghuiling0375@126.com.(2012).Black Disease (Terpios hoshinota): A Probable Cause for the Rapid Coral Mortality at the Northern Reef of Yongxing Island in the South China Sea.AMBIO,41(5),446-455.
MLA Shi, Q,et al."Black Disease (Terpios hoshinota): A Probable Cause for the Rapid Coral Mortality at the Northern Reef of Yongxing Island in the South China Sea".AMBIO 41.5(2012):446-455.
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