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学科主题: Engineering, Environmental; Environmental Sciences
题名: Black Disease (Terpios hoshinota): A Probable Cause for the Rapid Coral Mortality at the Northern Reef of Yongxing Island in the South China Sea
作者: Shi, Q ; Liu, G ; Yan, HQ ; Zhang, HL
通讯作者: shiqi@scsio.ac.cn ; sdlgbio@126.com ; yhq9807@163.com ; zhanghuiling0375@126.com
关键词: Coral mortality ; Black disease ; Terpios hoshinota ; Human activities ; Coral bleaching ; Crown-of-thorns starfish ; South China Sea
刊名: AMBIO
发表日期: 2012
卷: 41, 期:5, 页:446-455
部门归属: [Shi, Qi; Liu, Guo; Yan, Hong Qiang; Zhang, Hui Ling] Chinese Acad Sci, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Marginal Sea Geol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
项目归属: 海洋地质
摘要: The northern reef of Yongxing Island, the largest reef island of the Xisha Islands in the South China Sea, was in good condition with significant cover of scleractinian corals until 2002. Surveys in 2008 and 2010, however, found that coral coverage had declined rapidly and severely, implying that catastrophic coral mortality occurred during the past 8 years. A blackish mat was observed covering live and dead corals in both 2008 and 2010 that was identified as an encrusting sponge, Terpios hoshinota, by special surface morphology and spicule structure. In addition, spicule residues were found on the surface of long-dead corals, indicating a previous invasion of T. hosinota. T. hoshinota is referred to as the "black disease" because it rapidly overgrows and kills corals. Our evidence indicates that outbreaks of black disease are at least partially responsible for the massive coral mortality at the northern reef of Yongxing Island over the past 8 years, although human activities and heat-related coral bleaching cannot be discounted as minor causes for this coral decline.
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000306121200003
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/10331
Appears in Collections:中科院边缘海地质重点实验室_期刊论文

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Shi, Q; Liu, G; Yan, HQ; Zhang, HL.Black Disease (Terpios hoshinota): A Probable Cause for the Rapid Coral Mortality at the Northern Reef of Yongxing Island in the South China Sea,AMBIO,2012,41(5):446-455
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