Effect of vertical stratification on characteristics and energy of nonlinear internal solitary waves from a numerical model
Xie, JS; Chen, ZW; Xu, JX; Cai, SQ; caisq@scsio.ac.cn
2014
发表期刊COMMUNICATIONS IN NONLINEAR SCIENCE AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION
ISSN1007-5704
卷号19期号:10页码:3539-3555
摘要A numerical model is set up to study the impact of changes in vertical stratification on the properties of internal solitary waves (ISWs) generated by tidal flow over a ridge. Based on modifications of the observed stratification with a secondary thermocline over a main one in the South China Sea, the effects of five kinds of stratification on the characteristics and energy conversion of ISWs are investigated. In general, the isopycnal undergoing maximum displacement in ISWs is from slightly below the main thermocline. When the stratification below the ridge crest is reduced, the wave amplitude and the number of ISWs in a wave packet increase, while the phase speed, the wave half-width, the sum of ISW kinetic energy (KE) and available potential energy (APE) and the ratio of KE to APE decrease. When the stratification in the upper layer is reduced, the ISW amplitude, the number of ISWs, the phase speed and the sum of KE and APE decrease, while the wave half-width and the ratio of KE to APE increase. If the main thermocline is over the secondary one, the ISW amplitude, the wave half-width, the sum of KE and APE and the ratio of KE to APE increase, while the phase speed reduces. For stratification with two thermoclines, the ISW phase speed increases but the half-width decreases. In addition, the ratio of baroclinic to barotropic energy is found to be between 10% and 40%, and the ratio of ISW KE to APE is between 1.30 and 1.65. It is also shown that the ratio of KE to APE for the stratification with two thermoclines is about 2-6% larger than that for the stratification with only one thermocline. If the thermocline is lowered by about 30 m (0.064 of the total water depth), the ratio of KE to APE reduces by about 10%. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
部门归属[Xie, Jieshuo ; Chen, Zhiwu ; Xu, Jiexin ; Cai, Shuqun] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China ; [Xie, Jieshuo ; Xu, Jiexin] Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
关键词Nonlinear Internal Solitary Waves Stratification Numerical Model Baroclinic Energy South China Sea
学科领域Mathematics ; Mechanics ; Physics
资助者Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA11020201]; National Basic Research Program [2011CB013701, 2013CB956101]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [SQ201302, LTOZZ1304]; NSFC [41025019]; Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China [CUHK 402912] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA11020201]; National Basic Research Program [2011CB013701, 2013CB956101]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [SQ201302, LTOZZ1304]; NSFC [41025019]; Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China [CUHK 402912] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA11020201]; National Basic Research Program [2011CB013701, 2013CB956101]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [SQ201302, LTOZZ1304]; NSFC [41025019]; Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China [CUHK 402912] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA11020201]; National Basic Research Program [2011CB013701, 2013CB956101]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [SQ201302, LTOZZ1304]; NSFC [41025019]; Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China [CUHK 402912]
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收录类别sci
资助项目LTO
资助者Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA11020201]; National Basic Research Program [2011CB013701, 2013CB956101]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [SQ201302, LTOZZ1304]; NSFC [41025019]; Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China [CUHK 402912] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA11020201]; National Basic Research Program [2011CB013701, 2013CB956101]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [SQ201302, LTOZZ1304]; NSFC [41025019]; Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China [CUHK 402912] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA11020201]; National Basic Research Program [2011CB013701, 2013CB956101]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [SQ201302, LTOZZ1304]; NSFC [41025019]; Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China [CUHK 402912] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA11020201]; National Basic Research Program [2011CB013701, 2013CB956101]; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [SQ201302, LTOZZ1304]; NSFC [41025019]; Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, China [CUHK 402912]
WOS记录号WOS:000335968100013
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/10504
专题热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
通讯作者caisq@scsio.ac.cn
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Xie, JS,Chen, ZW,Xu, JX,et al. Effect of vertical stratification on characteristics and energy of nonlinear internal solitary waves from a numerical model[J]. COMMUNICATIONS IN NONLINEAR SCIENCE AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION,2014,19(10):3539-3555.
APA Xie, JS,Chen, ZW,Xu, JX,Cai, SQ,&caisq@scsio.ac.cn.(2014).Effect of vertical stratification on characteristics and energy of nonlinear internal solitary waves from a numerical model.COMMUNICATIONS IN NONLINEAR SCIENCE AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION,19(10),3539-3555.
MLA Xie, JS,et al."Effect of vertical stratification on characteristics and energy of nonlinear internal solitary waves from a numerical model".COMMUNICATIONS IN NONLINEAR SCIENCE AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION 19.10(2014):3539-3555.
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