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A subsurface chlorophyll a bloom induced by typhoon in the South China Sea
[Ye, H. J.; Tang, D. L.] Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Remote Sensing & Marine Ecol & Environm, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China; Tang, D. L.] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China; Lingzistdl@126.com
2013
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS
ISSN0924-7963
Volume128Pages:138-145
AbstractPrevious studies showed that typhoons often induce chlorophyll a (Chl-a) blooms in the surface waters. This paper shows that Chl-a blooms can occur not only on the surface but also in the interior just above the thermocline after the passage of a typhoon. We used satellite and cruise survey data to analyze physical and biological characteristics in the South China Sea after the passage of the typhoon Nuri in August 2008. This paper shows that a subsurface (20 to 100 m depth) Chl-a bloom (1.31 +/- 0.47 mg m(-3)) occurred and lasted for three weeks, stronger and longer than the surface Chl-a bloom (0.48 +/- 0.23 mg m(-3)). The maximum value of Chl-a of 2.10 mg m(-3) was detected at 50 m depth. This value was approximately 4-5 times higher than the background value of 0.48 mg m(-3) measured at non blooming areas at the same time and about 7.5 times higher than the mean Chl-a value of 0.28 +/- 0.13 mg m(-3) measured over the period of five years. The mixed layer depth and the thickness of the Chl-a bloom increased after the typhoon. Our analysis clearly shows that a subsurface upwelling caused by the passage of the typhoon, transported nutrients to the euphotic zone and supported the Chl-a bloom. These observations provide some insight on the effect of typhoons on marine ecosystems, especially as related to the Integrated Primary Production. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DepartmentLTO
KeywordSubsurface Chlorophyll a Bloom Typhoon South China Sea
Subject AreaGeosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Oceanography
Funding OrganizationThis study was supported by the following research projects awarded to DL Tang: (1) National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (31061160190, 40976091, NSFC-RFBR Project-41211120181 of DL Tang and D. Pozdnyakov); (2) Guangdong Sciences Foundation (2010B031900041,8351030101000002); (3) Innovation Group Program of State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography (LTOZZ1201): and (4) NSFC 41006068, 40976091. YD Afanasyev has been supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. The authors thank the South China Sea Open Cruise, R/V Shiyan 3 (SCSIO, CAS). The authors are grateful to David Lai of NorthWest Research Associates for providing valuable comments to the manuscript to J. D. C. Craig for thorough proofreading of the manuscript and to all members of the Research Center for Remote Sensing and Marine Ecology & Environment (RSMEE). ; This study was supported by the following research projects awarded to DL Tang: (1) National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (31061160190, 40976091, NSFC-RFBR Project-41211120181 of DL Tang and D. Pozdnyakov); (2) Guangdong Sciences Foundation (2010B031900041,8351030101000002); (3) Innovation Group Program of State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography (LTOZZ1201): and (4) NSFC 41006068, 40976091. YD Afanasyev has been supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. The authors thank the South China Sea Open Cruise, R/V Shiyan 3 (SCSIO, CAS). The authors are grateful to David Lai of NorthWest Research Associates for providing valuable comments to the manuscript to J. D. C. Craig for thorough proofreading of the manuscript and to all members of the Research Center for Remote Sensing and Marine Ecology & Environment (RSMEE). ; This study was supported by the following research projects awarded to DL Tang: (1) National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (31061160190, 40976091, NSFC-RFBR Project-41211120181 of DL Tang and D. Pozdnyakov); (2) Guangdong Sciences Foundation (2010B031900041,8351030101000002); (3) Innovation Group Program of State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography (LTOZZ1201): and (4) NSFC 41006068, 40976091. YD Afanasyev has been supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. The authors thank the South China Sea Open Cruise, R/V Shiyan 3 (SCSIO, CAS). The authors are grateful to David Lai of NorthWest Research Associates for providing valuable comments to the manuscript to J. D. C. Craig for thorough proofreading of the manuscript and to all members of the Research Center for Remote Sensing and Marine Ecology & Environment (RSMEE). ; This study was supported by the following research projects awarded to DL Tang: (1) National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (31061160190, 40976091, NSFC-RFBR Project-41211120181 of DL Tang and D. Pozdnyakov); (2) Guangdong Sciences Foundation (2010B031900041,8351030101000002); (3) Innovation Group Program of State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography (LTOZZ1201): and (4) NSFC 41006068, 40976091. YD Afanasyev has been supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. The authors thank the South China Sea Open Cruise, R/V Shiyan 3 (SCSIO, CAS). The authors are grateful to David Lai of NorthWest Research Associates for providing valuable comments to the manuscript to J. D. C. Craig for thorough proofreading of the manuscript and to all members of the Research Center for Remote Sensing and Marine Ecology & Environment (RSMEE).
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Language英语
Funding OrganizationThis study was supported by the following research projects awarded to DL Tang: (1) National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (31061160190, 40976091, NSFC-RFBR Project-41211120181 of DL Tang and D. Pozdnyakov); (2) Guangdong Sciences Foundation (2010B031900041,8351030101000002); (3) Innovation Group Program of State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography (LTOZZ1201): and (4) NSFC 41006068, 40976091. YD Afanasyev has been supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. The authors thank the South China Sea Open Cruise, R/V Shiyan 3 (SCSIO, CAS). The authors are grateful to David Lai of NorthWest Research Associates for providing valuable comments to the manuscript to J. D. C. Craig for thorough proofreading of the manuscript and to all members of the Research Center for Remote Sensing and Marine Ecology & Environment (RSMEE). ; This study was supported by the following research projects awarded to DL Tang: (1) National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (31061160190, 40976091, NSFC-RFBR Project-41211120181 of DL Tang and D. Pozdnyakov); (2) Guangdong Sciences Foundation (2010B031900041,8351030101000002); (3) Innovation Group Program of State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography (LTOZZ1201): and (4) NSFC 41006068, 40976091. YD Afanasyev has been supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. The authors thank the South China Sea Open Cruise, R/V Shiyan 3 (SCSIO, CAS). The authors are grateful to David Lai of NorthWest Research Associates for providing valuable comments to the manuscript to J. D. C. Craig for thorough proofreading of the manuscript and to all members of the Research Center for Remote Sensing and Marine Ecology & Environment (RSMEE). ; This study was supported by the following research projects awarded to DL Tang: (1) National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (31061160190, 40976091, NSFC-RFBR Project-41211120181 of DL Tang and D. Pozdnyakov); (2) Guangdong Sciences Foundation (2010B031900041,8351030101000002); (3) Innovation Group Program of State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography (LTOZZ1201): and (4) NSFC 41006068, 40976091. YD Afanasyev has been supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. The authors thank the South China Sea Open Cruise, R/V Shiyan 3 (SCSIO, CAS). The authors are grateful to David Lai of NorthWest Research Associates for providing valuable comments to the manuscript to J. D. C. Craig for thorough proofreading of the manuscript and to all members of the Research Center for Remote Sensing and Marine Ecology & Environment (RSMEE). ; This study was supported by the following research projects awarded to DL Tang: (1) National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (31061160190, 40976091, NSFC-RFBR Project-41211120181 of DL Tang and D. Pozdnyakov); (2) Guangdong Sciences Foundation (2010B031900041,8351030101000002); (3) Innovation Group Program of State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography (LTOZZ1201): and (4) NSFC 41006068, 40976091. YD Afanasyev has been supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. The authors thank the South China Sea Open Cruise, R/V Shiyan 3 (SCSIO, CAS). The authors are grateful to David Lai of NorthWest Research Associates for providing valuable comments to the manuscript to J. D. C. Craig for thorough proofreading of the manuscript and to all members of the Research Center for Remote Sensing and Marine Ecology & Environment (RSMEE).
WOS IDWOS:000329010900012
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/10865
Collection热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
Corresponding AuthorLingzistdl@126.com
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
[Ye, H. J.,Tang, D. L.] Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Remote Sensing & Marine Ecol & Environm, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China,Tang, D. L.] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China,et al. A subsurface chlorophyll a bloom induced by typhoon in the South China Sea[J]. JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS,2013,128:138-145.
APA [Ye, H. J.,Tang, D. L.] Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Remote Sensing & Marine Ecol & Environm, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China,Tang, D. L.] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China,&Lingzistdl@126.com.(2013).A subsurface chlorophyll a bloom induced by typhoon in the South China Sea.JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS,128,138-145.
MLA [Ye, H. J.,et al."A subsurface chlorophyll a bloom induced by typhoon in the South China Sea".JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS 128(2013):138-145.
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