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学科主题: Oceanography
题名: Spatial and temporal variations of picoplankton in three contrasting periods in the Pearl River Estuary, South China
作者: [Zhang, Xia ; Shi, Zhen ; Liu, Qingxia ; Ye, Feng ; Tian, Lei ; Huang, Xiaoping] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
通讯作者: xphuang@scsio.ac.cn
关键词: Picoplankton ; Estuarine gradient ; Drought events ; Pearl River Estuary ; Prochlorococcus
刊名: CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH
发表日期: 2013
卷: 56, 页:41651
部门归属: LTO
资助者: We thank Jianlin Zhang for flow cytometry analyses. This study was supported by National Nature Science Foundation of China (31000185, 41076069), the Key Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences (KZCXZ-YW-Q07) and the project of knowledge innovation program of the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology (No. SQ201109).
摘要: The distribution characteristics and biomass composition of three picophytoplankton (PP) groups (Synechococcus, picoeukaryotes and Prochlorococcus) were identified using flow cytometry in three contrasting periods (August 2010, January 2011 and August 2011) in the Pearl River Estuary (PRE), South China. To eliminate the overestimation of heterotrophic bacteria (HBA), HBA were identified by epifluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. The average biomass in the three observations was as follows: 22.80, 21.04 and 18.72 mu g C/L of HBA, and 12.92, 0.62 and 15.42 mu g C/L of PP. The biomass ratio between the PP and HBA measurements increased along the estuarine axis, which suggested the dominance of PP in the outer estuary and HBA in the nearshore waters. The HBA biomass was not related to chlorophyll a or even exhibited a negative correlation with chlorophyll a in the two summer observations; this implied that dissolved organic carbon from other sources or some environmental factors, like suspended solids concentration (SSC), also affected bacterial growth and obscured the relationship between HBA and phytoplankton by shaping phytoplankton distribution. The HBA linked tightly with suspended particles and was mainly shaped by the SSC. We considered that most of the HBA were attached to riverine-originated particulates and consequently exhibited a decreasing trend from the upper estuary to the open shelf waters in the PRE. The low Synechococcus and picoeukaryotes biomass and the undetectability of Prochlorococcus in the winter were probably attributed to high turbidity and low water temperature. The sharp decrease in river flow in the summer of 2011 may have exerted less pressure on Prochlorococcus and resulted in biomass elevation and a further upward distribution scale. Furthermore, Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus exhibited similar distribution patterns and were relevant to the river input. Meanwhile, picoeukaryotes were the least abundant groups among the PP community in our investigations and showed a distinct distribution pattern from that of Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
语种: 英语
原文出处: 查看原文
WOS记录号: WOS:000318582400001
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/10927
Appears in Collections:热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)_期刊论文

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[Zhang, Xia; Shi, Zhen; Liu, Qingxia; Ye, Feng; Tian, Lei; Huang, Xiaoping] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China.Spatial and temporal variations of picoplankton in three contrasting periods in the Pearl River Estuary, South China,CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH,2013,56():41651
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