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Coral communities of the remote atoll reefs in the Nansha Islands, southern South China Sea
[Zhao, M. X.; Yu, K. F.; Shi, Q.; Chen, T. R.; Zhang, H. L.; Chen, T. G.] Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Key Lab Marginal Sea Geol, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China; zhaomeix@scsio.ac.cn
2013
发表期刊ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
ISSN0167-6369
卷号185期号:9页码:7381-7392
摘要During the months of May and June in the year 2007, a survey was conducted regarding coral reef communities in the remote atolls (Zhubi Reef and Meiji Reef) of Nansha Islands, southern South China Sea. The goals of the survey were to: (1) for the first time, compile a scleractinian coral check-list; (2) estimate the total richness, coral cover, and growth forms of the community; and (3) describe preliminary patterns of community structure according to geomorphological units. Findings of this survey revealed a total of 120 species of scleractinia belonging to 40 genera, while the average coral cover was 21 %, ranging from less than 10 % to higher than 50 %. Branching and massive corals were also found to be the most important growth forms of the whole coral community, while Acropora, Montipora, and Porites were the three dominant genera in the overall region, with their contributions to total coral cover measuring 21, 22, and 23 %, respectively. Overall, coral communities of the Nansha Islands were in a relative healthy condition with high species diversity and coral cover. Spatial pattern of coral communities existed among various geomorphological units. Mean coral cover was highest in the patch reef within the lagoon, followed by the fore reef slope, reef flat, and lagoon slope. The greatest contributors to total coral cover were branching Acropora (45 %) in the lagoon slope, branching Montipora (44 %) in the reef flat, and massive Porites (51 %) in the patch reef. Coral cover in the fore reef revealed a greater range of genera than in other habitats. The leeward fore reef slope had higher coral cover (> 50 %) when compared with the windward slope (< 10 %). The coral communities of the inner reef flat were characterized by higher coral cover (27 %) and dominant branching Montipora corals, while lower coral cover (4 %) was dominated by Psammocora with massive growth forms on the outer reef flat. Destructive fishing and coral bleaching were two major threats to coral communities in the study area.
部门归属海洋地质
关键词Coral Reef Biodiversity Coral Cover Spatial Pattern Nansha Islands South China Sea
学科领域Environmental Sciences
资助者This work was funded by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (nos. 2013CB956101 and 2010CB950101), the "Strategic Priority Research Program" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDA05080301), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China projects (nos. 40830852, 41025007, and 40906043). Zhang JY, Shi XJ, Li S, and Wang R are thanked for their assistance in the field investigation; Mr. HN Yu from the Brisbane Boys College is thanked for smoothing the language. ; This work was funded by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (nos. 2013CB956101 and 2010CB950101), the "Strategic Priority Research Program" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDA05080301), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China projects (nos. 40830852, 41025007, and 40906043). Zhang JY, Shi XJ, Li S, and Wang R are thanked for their assistance in the field investigation; Mr. HN Yu from the Brisbane Boys College is thanked for smoothing the language. ; This work was funded by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (nos. 2013CB956101 and 2010CB950101), the "Strategic Priority Research Program" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDA05080301), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China projects (nos. 40830852, 41025007, and 40906043). Zhang JY, Shi XJ, Li S, and Wang R are thanked for their assistance in the field investigation; Mr. HN Yu from the Brisbane Boys College is thanked for smoothing the language. ; This work was funded by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (nos. 2013CB956101 and 2010CB950101), the "Strategic Priority Research Program" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDA05080301), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China projects (nos. 40830852, 41025007, and 40906043). Zhang JY, Shi XJ, Li S, and Wang R are thanked for their assistance in the field investigation; Mr. HN Yu from the Brisbane Boys College is thanked for smoothing the language.
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资助者This work was funded by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (nos. 2013CB956101 and 2010CB950101), the "Strategic Priority Research Program" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDA05080301), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China projects (nos. 40830852, 41025007, and 40906043). Zhang JY, Shi XJ, Li S, and Wang R are thanked for their assistance in the field investigation; Mr. HN Yu from the Brisbane Boys College is thanked for smoothing the language. ; This work was funded by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (nos. 2013CB956101 and 2010CB950101), the "Strategic Priority Research Program" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDA05080301), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China projects (nos. 40830852, 41025007, and 40906043). Zhang JY, Shi XJ, Li S, and Wang R are thanked for their assistance in the field investigation; Mr. HN Yu from the Brisbane Boys College is thanked for smoothing the language. ; This work was funded by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (nos. 2013CB956101 and 2010CB950101), the "Strategic Priority Research Program" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDA05080301), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China projects (nos. 40830852, 41025007, and 40906043). Zhang JY, Shi XJ, Li S, and Wang R are thanked for their assistance in the field investigation; Mr. HN Yu from the Brisbane Boys College is thanked for smoothing the language. ; This work was funded by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (nos. 2013CB956101 and 2010CB950101), the "Strategic Priority Research Program" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (grant no. XDA05080301), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China projects (nos. 40830852, 41025007, and 40906043). Zhang JY, Shi XJ, Li S, and Wang R are thanked for their assistance in the field investigation; Mr. HN Yu from the Brisbane Boys College is thanked for smoothing the language.
WOS记录号WOS:000322485500022
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/11120
专题中科院边缘海地质重点实验室
通讯作者zhaomeix@scsio.ac.cn
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[Zhao, M. X.,Yu, K. F.,Shi, Q.,et al. Coral communities of the remote atoll reefs in the Nansha Islands, southern South China Sea[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT,2013,185(9):7381-7392.
APA [Zhao, M. X..,Yu, K. F..,Shi, Q..,Chen, T. R..,Zhang, H. L..,...&zhaomeix@scsio.ac.cn.(2013).Coral communities of the remote atoll reefs in the Nansha Islands, southern South China Sea.ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT,185(9),7381-7392.
MLA [Zhao, M. X.,et al."Coral communities of the remote atoll reefs in the Nansha Islands, southern South China Sea".ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT 185.9(2013):7381-7392.
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