Seasonal and size-dependent variations in the phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing in the southern South China Sea under the influence of the East Asian monsoon
Zhou, L.1; Tan, Y.1; Huang, L.1; Hu, Z.1; Ke, Z.1; tanyh@scsio.ac.cn
2015
发表期刊BIOGEOSCIENCES
卷号12期号:22页码:6809-6822
摘要To examine seasonal and size-dependent variations in the phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing in oligotrophic tropical waters under the influence of seasonal reversing monsoon, dilution experiments were conducted during the summer of 2009 (21 May to 9 June) and winter 2010 (9 to 18 November) in the southern South China Sea (SSCS). The results showed that environmental variables, phytoplankton biomass, phytoplankton growth rate (mu), microzooplankton grazing rate (m), and correlationship (coupling) between the mu and m, rather than the microzooplankton grazing impact on phytoplankton (m/mu) significantly varied between the two seasons. Higher relative preference index (RPI) for the larger-sized (> 3 mu m) phytoplankton than pico-phytoplankton (< 3 mu m), indicating significant size-selective grazing by microzooplankton on the larger-sized phytoplankton, were also observed. The mu and m were significantly correlated with seawater salinity and temperature, and phytoplankton biomass, which indicated that salient seasonal variations in the phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing in the SSCS were closely related to the environmental variables under the influence of the East Asian monsoon. We propose that intermittent arrivals of the northeast winter monsoon could lead to the low mu and m, and the decoupling between the mu and m in the SSCS, through influencing nutrient supply to the surface water, and inducing surface seawater salinity decrease. The low m/mu (< 50% on average) indicates low remineralization of organic matter mediated by microzooplankton and mismatch between the mu and m, and thus probably accounts for part of the high vertical biogenic particle fluxes in the prevailing periods of the monsoons in the SSCS. The size-selective grazing suggests that microzooplankton grazing partially contributes to the pico-phytoplankton dominance in the oligotrophic tropical waters such as that of the SSCS.
部门归属LMB
学科领域Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Geology
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/14886
专题中科院海洋生物资源可持续利用重点实验室
通讯作者tanyh@scsio.ac.cn
作者单位1.[Zhou, L.
2.Tan, Y.
3.Huang, L.
4.Hu, Z.
5.Ke, Z.] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Trop Marine Bioresources & Ecol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
6.[Zhou, L.
7.Tan, Y.
8.Huang, L.
9.Hu, Z.
10.Ke, Z.] Guangdong Prov Key Lab Appl Marine Biol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
11.[Hu, Z.] Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
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Zhou, L.,Tan, Y.,Huang, L.,et al. Seasonal and size-dependent variations in the phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing in the southern South China Sea under the influence of the East Asian monsoon[J]. BIOGEOSCIENCES,2015,12(22):6809-6822.
APA Zhou, L.,Tan, Y.,Huang, L.,Hu, Z.,Ke, Z.,&tanyh@scsio.ac.cn.(2015).Seasonal and size-dependent variations in the phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing in the southern South China Sea under the influence of the East Asian monsoon.BIOGEOSCIENCES,12(22),6809-6822.
MLA Zhou, L.,et al."Seasonal and size-dependent variations in the phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing in the southern South China Sea under the influence of the East Asian monsoon".BIOGEOSCIENCES 12.22(2015):6809-6822.
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