Multidecadal Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification in the Western North Pacific
Wang, Xidong; Wang, Chunzai; Zhang, Liping; Wang, Xin; xidong_wang@yahoo.com
2015
发表期刊JOURNAL OF CLIMATE
卷号28期号:9页码:3806-3820
文章类型0894-8755
摘要This study investigates the variation of tropical cyclone (TC) rapid intensification (RI) in the western North Pacific (WNP) and its relationship with large-scale climate variability. RI events have exhibited strikingly multidecadal variability. During the warm (cold) phase of the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO), the annual RI number is generally lower (higher) and the average location of RI occurrence tends to shift southeastward (northwestward). The multidecadal variations of RI are associated with the variations of large-scale ocean and atmosphere variables such as sea surface temperature (SST), tropical cyclone heat potential (TCHP), relative humidity (RHUM), and vertical wind shear (VWS). It is shown that their variations on multidecadal time scales depend on the evolution of thePDOphase. The easterly trade wind is strengthened during the cold PDO phase at low levels, which tends to make equatorial warm water spread northward into the main RI region rsulting from meridional ocean advection associated with Ekman transport. Simultaneously, an anticyclonic wind anomaly is formed in the subtropical gyre of the WNP. This therefore may deepen the depth of the 26 degrees C isotherm and directly increase TCHP over the main RI region. These thermodynamic effects associated with the cold PDO phase greatly support RI occurrence. The reverse is true during the warm PDO phase. The results also indicate that the VWS variability in the low wind shear zone along the monsoon trough may not be critical for the multidecadal modulation of RI events.
部门归属[Wang, Xidong] State Ocean Adm, Key Lab Marine Environm Informat Technol, Natl Marine Data & Informat Serv, Tianjin, Peoples R China; [Wang, Chunzai] NOAA, Atlantic Oceanog & Meteorol Lab, Miami, FL 33149 USA; [Zhang, Liping] Univ Miami, Cooperat Inst Marine & Atmospher Studies, Miami, FL USA; [Wang, Xin] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China ; LTO
学科领域Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/15093
专题热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
通讯作者xidong_wang@yahoo.com
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Wang, Xidong,Wang, Chunzai,Zhang, Liping,et al. Multidecadal Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification in the Western North Pacific[J]. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE,2015,28(9):3806-3820.
APA Wang, Xidong,Wang, Chunzai,Zhang, Liping,Wang, Xin,&xidong_wang@yahoo.com.(2015).Multidecadal Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification in the Western North Pacific.JOURNAL OF CLIMATE,28(9),3806-3820.
MLA Wang, Xidong,et al."Multidecadal Variability of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification in the Western North Pacific".JOURNAL OF CLIMATE 28.9(2015):3806-3820.
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