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Two proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) paralogs from the tropical sea cucumber (Stichopus monotuberculatus): Molecular characterization and inducible expression with immune challenge
Ren, Chunhua; Chen, Ting; Jiang, Xiao; Sun, Hongyan; Qian, Jing; Hu, Chaoqun; Wang, Yanhong; Hu, CQ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Trop Marine Bioresources & Ecol LMB, Guangdong Prov Key Lab Appl Marine Biol LAMB, 164 West Xingang Rd, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
2016
Source PublicationFISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY
Volume56Pages:255-262
AbstractProprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a multifunctional protein that widely exists in eukaryotic species. In this study, two PCSK9 paralogs, named StmPCSK9-1 and StmPCSK9-2, were identified from the tropical sea cucumber (Stichopus monotuberculatus). The cDNAs of StmPCSK9-1 and StmPCSK9-2 are 1330 kb and 1508 kb in size, respectively. The open reading frames (ORF) for StmPCSK9-1 and StmPCSK9-2 cDNAs are 1128 and 1167 bp in length, encoding the proteins of 375 and 388 amino acids with the deduced molecular weights of 38.76 and 41.07 kDa, respectively. In accord with other members in PCSK9 family, the two StmPCSK9 paralogs possessed the inhibitor_I9 and peptidase_S8 functional domains, seven active sites, a catalytic triad and two calcium binding sites. For the gene structure, the splicing of the two StmPCSK9 paralogs was relatively conserved. In addition, the mRNA expression of StmPCSK9-1 and StmPCSK9-2 was only detected in the sea cucumber intestine and coelomocytes, and the expression levels of both the two StmPCSK9 paralogs were higher in intestine. Moreover, StmPCSK9-2 was found to be a cytoplasm protein without signal peptide, and show no response to the immune challenge. On the contrary, StmPCSK9-1 was a secreted protein and the transcriptional expression of StmPCSK9-1 was significantly up-regulated by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) treatment and slightly down regulated by polyriboinosinic polyribocytidylic acid [Poly (I:C)] challenge in in vitro experiments performed in the cultural primary coelomocytes, suggesting that the StmPCSK9-1 may play critical roles in the innate immune defense of sea cucumber, S. monotuberculatus, against bacterial and/or viral infections. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All, rights reserved.
Department[Ren, Chunhua; Chen, Ting; Jiang, Xiao; Qian, Jing; Hu, Chaoqun; Wang, Yanhong] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Trop Marine Bioresources & Ecol LMB, Guangdong Prov Key Lab Appl Marine Biol LAMB, 164 West Xingang Rd, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Ren, Chunhua; Chen, Ting; Hu, Chaoqun] South China Sea Bioresource Exploitat & Utilizat, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Sun, Hongyan] South China Agr Univ, Coll Anim Sci, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China ; LMB
KeywordProprotein Convertase Subtilisin/kexin Type 9 Stichopus Monotuberculatus Cdna Gene Structure Innate Immune Defense
Subject AreaFisheries ; Immunology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Veterinary Sciences
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/15298
Collection中科院海洋生物资源可持续利用重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHu, CQ (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Trop Marine Bioresources & Ecol LMB, Guangdong Prov Key Lab Appl Marine Biol LAMB, 164 West Xingang Rd, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ren, Chunhua,Chen, Ting,Jiang, Xiao,et al. Two proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) paralogs from the tropical sea cucumber (Stichopus monotuberculatus): Molecular characterization and inducible expression with immune challenge[J]. FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY,2016,56:255-262.
APA Ren, Chunhua.,Chen, Ting.,Jiang, Xiao.,Sun, Hongyan.,Qian, Jing.,...&Hu, CQ .(2016).Two proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) paralogs from the tropical sea cucumber (Stichopus monotuberculatus): Molecular characterization and inducible expression with immune challenge.FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY,56,255-262.
MLA Ren, Chunhua,et al."Two proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) paralogs from the tropical sea cucumber (Stichopus monotuberculatus): Molecular characterization and inducible expression with immune challenge".FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY 56(2016):255-262.
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