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High-temperature acclimation strategies within the thermally tolerant endosymbiont Symbiodinium trenchii and its coral host, Turbinaria reniformis, differ with changing pCO(2) and nutrients
Hoadley, Kenneth D.; Pettay, D. Tye; Grottoli, Andrea G.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Melman, Todd F.; Levas, Stephen; Schoepf, Verena; Ding, Qian; Yuan, Xiangchen; Wang, Yongchen; Matsui, Yohei; Baumann, Justin H.; Warner, Mark E.; Hoadley, KD (reprint author), Univ Delaware, Sch Marine Sci & Policy, Lewes, DE 19958 USA.
2016
Source PublicationMARINE BIOLOGY
Volume163Issue:6Pages:134
AbstractThe dinoflagellate Symbiodinium trenchii associates with a wide array of host corals throughout the world, and its thermal tolerance has made it of particular interest within the context of reef coral resilience to a warming climate. However, future reefs are increasingly likely to face combined environmental stressors, further complicating our understanding of how S. trenchii will possibly acclimatize to future climate scenarios. Over a 33-day period, we characterized the individual and combined affects of high temperature (26.5 vs. 31.5 degrees C), pCO(2) (400 vs. 760 mu atm), and elevated nutrients (0.4 and 0.2 vs. 3.5 and 0.3 mu mol of NO3/NO2 and PO43-, respectively) on S. trenchii within the host coral species Turbinaria reniformis. Global analysis across all treatments found temperature to be the largest driver of physiological change. However, exposure to elevated temperature led to changes in symbiont physiology that differed across pCO(2) concentrations. Net photosynthesis and cellular chlorophyll a increased with temperature under ambient pCO(2), whereas temperature-related differences in cellular volume and its affect on pigment packaging were more pronounced under elevated pCO(2). Furthermore, increased nutrients mitigated the physiological response to high temperature under both ambient and elevated pCO(2) conditions and represented a significant interaction between all three physical parameters. Individual responses to temperature and pCO(2) were also observed as cellular density declined with elevated temperature and calcification along with respiration rates declined with increased pCO(2). Symbiodinium trenchii remained the dominant symbiont population within the host across all treatment combinations. Our results reveal distinct physiological changes in response to high temperature within the S. trenchii/T. reniformis symbioses that are dependent on pCO(2) and nutrient concentration, and represent important interactive effects to consider as we consider how corals will respond under future climate change scenarios.
Department[Hoadley, Kenneth D.; Pettay, D. Tye; Cai, Wei-Jun; Warner, Mark E.] Univ Delaware, Sch Marine Sci & Policy, Lewes, DE 19958 USA; [Grottoli, Andrea G.; Levas, Stephen; Schoepf, Verena; Matsui, Yohei; Baumann, Justin H.] Ohio State Univ, Sch Earth Sci, Columbus, OH 43210 USA; [Cai, Wei-Jun; Ding, Qian; Wang, Yongchen] Univ Georgia, Dept Marine Sci, Athens, GA 30602 USA; [Melman, Todd F.] Reef Syst Coral Farm, New Albany, OH USA; [Yuan, Xiangchen] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Trop Marine Bioresources & Ecol, Guangdong Prov Key Lab Appl Marine Biol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Baumann, Justin H.] Univ N Carolina, Dept Marine Sci, Chapel Hill, NC USA; [Schoepf, Verena] Univ Western Australia, UWA Oceans Inst, ARC Ctr Excellence Coral Reef Studies, Crawley, WA, Australia; [Schoepf, Verena] Univ Western Australia, Sch Earth & Environm, Crawley, WA, Australia; [Levas, Stephen] Villanova Univ, Dept Geog & Environm Sci, Villanova, PA 19085 USA; [Ding, Qian] Zhejiang Univ, Ocean Coll, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China ; LMB
Subject AreaMarine & Freshwater Biology
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/15401
Collection中科院海洋生物资源可持续利用重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHoadley, KD (reprint author), Univ Delaware, Sch Marine Sci & Policy, Lewes, DE 19958 USA.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hoadley, Kenneth D.,Pettay, D. Tye,Grottoli, Andrea G.,et al. High-temperature acclimation strategies within the thermally tolerant endosymbiont Symbiodinium trenchii and its coral host, Turbinaria reniformis, differ with changing pCO(2) and nutrients[J]. MARINE BIOLOGY,2016,163(6):134.
APA Hoadley, Kenneth D..,Pettay, D. Tye.,Grottoli, Andrea G..,Cai, Wei-Jun.,Melman, Todd F..,...&Hoadley, KD .(2016).High-temperature acclimation strategies within the thermally tolerant endosymbiont Symbiodinium trenchii and its coral host, Turbinaria reniformis, differ with changing pCO(2) and nutrients.MARINE BIOLOGY,163(6),134.
MLA Hoadley, Kenneth D.,et al."High-temperature acclimation strategies within the thermally tolerant endosymbiont Symbiodinium trenchii and its coral host, Turbinaria reniformis, differ with changing pCO(2) and nutrients".MARINE BIOLOGY 163.6(2016):134.
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