Human activities and climate variability drive fast-paced change across the world's estuarine-coastal ecosystems
Cloern, James E.; Abreu, Paulo C.; Carstensen, Jacob; Chauvaud, Laurent; Elmgren, Ragnar; Grall, Jacques; Greening, Holly; Johansson, John Olov Roger; Kahru, Mati; Sherwood, Edward T.; Xu, Jie; Yin, Kedong; Cloern, JE (reprint author), US Geol Survey, 345 Middlefield Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
2016
发表期刊GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY
卷号22期号:2页码:513-529
摘要Time series of environmental measurements are essential for detecting, measuring and understanding changes in the Earth system and its biological communities. Observational series have accumulated over the past 2-5 decades from measurements across the world's estuaries, bays, lagoons, inland seas and shelf waters influenced by runoff. We synthesize information contained in these time series to develop a global view of changes occurring in marine systems influenced by connectivity to land. Our review is organized around four themes: (i) human activities as drivers of change; (ii) variability of the climate system as a driver of change; (iii) successes, disappointments and challenges of managing change at the sea-land interface; and (iv) discoveries made from observations over time. Multidecadal time series reveal that many of the world's estuarine-coastal ecosystems are in a continuing state of change, and the pace of change is faster than we could have imagined a decade ago. Some have been transformed into novel ecosystems with habitats, biogeochemistry and biological communities outside the natural range of variability. Change takes many forms including linear and nonlinear trends, abrupt state changes and oscillations. The challenge of managing change is daunting in the coastal zone where diverse human pressures are concentrated and intersect with different responses to climate variability over land and over ocean basins. The pace of change in estuarine-coastal ecosystems will likely accelerate as the human population and economies continue to grow and as global climate change accelerates. Wise stewardship of the resources upon which we depend is critically dependent upon a continuing flow of information from observations to measure, understand and anticipate future changes along the world's coastlines.
部门归属[Cloern, James E.] US Geol Survey, 345 Middlefield Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA; [Abreu, Paulo C.] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Oceanog, Cx P 474, BR-96201900 Rio Grande, RS, Brazil; [Carstensen, Jacob] Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark; [Chauvaud, Laurent] Univ Bretagne Occidentale, Lab Sci Environm MARin, Inst Univ Europeen Mer, Rue Dumont Urville, F-29280 Plouzanee, France; [Elmgren, Ragnar] Stockholm Univ, Dept Ecol Environm & Plant Sci, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden; [Grall, Jacques] Univ Bretagne Occidentale, Observat MARin, Inst Univ Europeen Mer, Rue Dumont Urville, F-29280 Plouzanee, France; [Greening, Holly; Sherwood, Edward T.] Tampa Bay Estuary Program, 263 13th Ave S,Suite 350, St Petersburg, FL 33701 USA; [Johansson, John Olov Roger] Janicki Environm Inc, 1155 Eden Isle Dr NE, St Petersburg, FL 33704 USA; [Kahru, Mati] Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA; [Xu, Jie] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, 164 West Xingang Rd, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Yin, Kedong] Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Marine Sci, 132 Wai Huan East Rd, Guangzhou 51006, Guangdong, Peoples R China ; LTO
关键词Climate Variability Ecosystems Environmental Change Estuarine-coastal Global Change Human Disturbance
学科领域Biodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/15564
专题热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
通讯作者Cloern, JE (reprint author), US Geol Survey, 345 Middlefield Rd, Menlo Pk, CA 94025 USA.
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Cloern, James E.,Abreu, Paulo C.,Carstensen, Jacob,et al. Human activities and climate variability drive fast-paced change across the world's estuarine-coastal ecosystems[J]. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,2016,22(2):513-529.
APA Cloern, James E..,Abreu, Paulo C..,Carstensen, Jacob.,Chauvaud, Laurent.,Elmgren, Ragnar.,...&Cloern, JE .(2016).Human activities and climate variability drive fast-paced change across the world's estuarine-coastal ecosystems.GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,22(2),513-529.
MLA Cloern, James E.,et al."Human activities and climate variability drive fast-paced change across the world's estuarine-coastal ecosystems".GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 22.2(2016):513-529.
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