SCSIO OpenIR  > 中科院海洋生物资源可持续利用重点实验室
Can private management compensate the ineffective marine reserves in China?
Huang, H; Wen, CKC; Li, XB; Tao, Y; Lian, JS; Yang, JH; Cherh, KL; huanghui@scsio.ac.cn; colinwen@gmail.com; lixiubao@scsio.ac.cn; yuantao04@mails.gucas.ac.cn; lianjs@scsio.ac.cn; njacky_yjh@aliyun.com; qiaoling@e-info.org.tw
2017
Source PublicationAMBIO
Volume46Issue:1Pages:73-87
AbstractMarine reserves (MRs) have emerged as a preferred method to protect coral reefs from overfishing and human disturbance. However, due to ineffective enforcement by governments, many MRs have been reduced to mere "paper parks" which fail to achieve conservation goals. This is especially true in countries such as China where compliance is low and resources dedicated to enforcement may be scarce. Privately managed marine reserves (PMMRs) may be effective in areas where government enforcement is lacking. To determine if PMMRs are a viable alternative strategy to protect coral reefs, we surveyed and compared fish assemblages and coral coverage in national MRs in Sanya, China to areas of reef privately leased to and managed by dive operators and hospitality industries. We found higher fish abundances and fish sizes in PMMR sites than in MR sites. However, while PMMRs are protected from fishing, other human impacts such as marine debris and illegal coral collection were evident in most tourist sites. Despite protection, long-term monitoring data of PMMRs revealed that in recent years, fish abundances have slightly recovered but species richness has not, indicating the need for a more comprehensive coral reef management plan. We strongly recommend coupling PMMRs with expertise supported regulations as an alternative coral reef management strategy in China.
Department[Huang, Hui; Wen, Colin Kuo-Chang; Li, Xiubao; Tao, Yuan; Lian, Jainshen; Yang, Jianhui] Chinese Acad Sci, Lab Trop Marine Bioresources & Ecol, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Wen, Colin Kuo-Chang] Tunghai Univ, Dept Life Sci, Taichung, Taiwan; [Cherh, Kah-Leng] Taiwan Environm Informat Ctr, Taipei, Taiwan
KeywordCoral Reefs Marine Protected Areas Privately Managed Reserves South China Sea
Funding ProjectLMB
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/16233
Collection中科院海洋生物资源可持续利用重点实验室
Corresponding Authorhuanghui@scsio.ac.cn; colinwen@gmail.com; lixiubao@scsio.ac.cn; yuantao04@mails.gucas.ac.cn; lianjs@scsio.ac.cn; njacky_yjh@aliyun.com; qiaoling@e-info.org.tw
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Huang, H,Wen, CKC,Li, XB,et al. Can private management compensate the ineffective marine reserves in China?[J]. AMBIO,2017,46(1):73-87.
APA Huang, H.,Wen, CKC.,Li, XB.,Tao, Y.,Lian, JS.,...&qiaoling@e-info.org.tw.(2017).Can private management compensate the ineffective marine reserves in China?.AMBIO,46(1),73-87.
MLA Huang, H,et al."Can private management compensate the ineffective marine reserves in China?".AMBIO 46.1(2017):73-87.
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