Can private management compensate the ineffective marine reserves in China?
Huang, H; Wen, CKC; Li, XB; Tao, Y; Lian, JS; Yang, JH; Cherh, KL; huanghui@scsio.ac.cn; colinwen@gmail.com; lixiubao@scsio.ac.cn; yuantao04@mails.gucas.ac.cn; lianjs@scsio.ac.cn; njacky_yjh@aliyun.com; qiaoling@e-info.org.tw
2017
发表期刊AMBIO
卷号46期号:1页码:73-87
摘要Marine reserves (MRs) have emerged as a preferred method to protect coral reefs from overfishing and human disturbance. However, due to ineffective enforcement by governments, many MRs have been reduced to mere "paper parks" which fail to achieve conservation goals. This is especially true in countries such as China where compliance is low and resources dedicated to enforcement may be scarce. Privately managed marine reserves (PMMRs) may be effective in areas where government enforcement is lacking. To determine if PMMRs are a viable alternative strategy to protect coral reefs, we surveyed and compared fish assemblages and coral coverage in national MRs in Sanya, China to areas of reef privately leased to and managed by dive operators and hospitality industries. We found higher fish abundances and fish sizes in PMMR sites than in MR sites. However, while PMMRs are protected from fishing, other human impacts such as marine debris and illegal coral collection were evident in most tourist sites. Despite protection, long-term monitoring data of PMMRs revealed that in recent years, fish abundances have slightly recovered but species richness has not, indicating the need for a more comprehensive coral reef management plan. We strongly recommend coupling PMMRs with expertise supported regulations as an alternative coral reef management strategy in China.
部门归属[Huang, Hui; Wen, Colin Kuo-Chang; Li, Xiubao; Tao, Yuan; Lian, Jainshen; Yang, Jianhui] Chinese Acad Sci, Lab Trop Marine Bioresources & Ecol, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Wen, Colin Kuo-Chang] Tunghai Univ, Dept Life Sci, Taichung, Taiwan; [Cherh, Kah-Leng] Taiwan Environm Informat Ctr, Taipei, Taiwan
关键词Coral Reefs Marine Protected Areas Privately Managed Reserves South China Sea
资助项目LMB
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/16233
专题中科院海洋生物资源可持续利用重点实验室
通讯作者huanghui@scsio.ac.cn; colinwen@gmail.com; lixiubao@scsio.ac.cn; yuantao04@mails.gucas.ac.cn; lianjs@scsio.ac.cn; njacky_yjh@aliyun.com; qiaoling@e-info.org.tw
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Huang, H,Wen, CKC,Li, XB,et al. Can private management compensate the ineffective marine reserves in China?[J]. AMBIO,2017,46(1):73-87.
APA Huang, H.,Wen, CKC.,Li, XB.,Tao, Y.,Lian, JS.,...&qiaoling@e-info.org.tw.(2017).Can private management compensate the ineffective marine reserves in China?.AMBIO,46(1),73-87.
MLA Huang, H,et al."Can private management compensate the ineffective marine reserves in China?".AMBIO 46.1(2017):73-87.
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