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First discovery of a bone handaxe in China
Wei, GB; He, CD; Hu, Y; Yu, KF; Chen, SK; Pang, LB; Wu, Y; Huang, WB; Yuan, WG; elephantfossil@aliyun.com
2017
发表期刊QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL
卷号434页码:121-128
摘要Handaxes, the characteristic tool of the Acheulean industrial complex, are predominantly made of stone. Handaxes made of bone are much less common. Only a few have been reported, from sites in Africa, Europe and western Asia. In this study we report a bone handaxe from Chongqing, southwest China, which represents the first bone handaxe ever discovered in China or any other part of East Asia. Typologically, it is somewhat inconsistent with the classic Acheulean handaxe morphology and is therefore classified as a proto-handaxe in this study. The bone from which the handaxe was made, which is now fossilized, has been dated to -170 ka based on a U-series technique. The handaxe was manufactured from the mandible of an individual of the stegodontid Stegodon orientalis, a typical member of the Middle Pleistocene Ailuropoda-Stegodon fauna (sensu stricto) of southern China. This artifact represents the earliest evidence for a tradition of bone handaxe manufacture in East Asia, and provides important evidence regarding the lifestyle, technology, and environmental surroundings of the humans that occupied the upstream region of the Yangtze River during the Middle Pleistocene. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.
部门归属[Wei, Guangbiao; He, Cundin; Chen, Shaokun; Pang, Libo; Wu, Yan; Huang, Wanbo] China Three Gorges Museum, Chongqing Three Gorges Inst Paleoanthropol, Chongqing 400015, Peoples R China; [Hu, Yue; Chen, Shaokun; Huang, Wanbo] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origin, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China; [Yu, Kefu] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Marginal Sea Geol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Yuan, Wenge] Dept Cultural Relic Management Jiulongpo Dist, Chongqing 401329, Peoples R China
关键词Bone Handaxe Mandible Of Stegodon Orientalis Middle Pleistocene Chongqing China
资助项目MSG
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/16484
专题中科院边缘海地质重点实验室
通讯作者elephantfossil@aliyun.com
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GB/T 7714
Wei, GB,He, CD,Hu, Y,et al. First discovery of a bone handaxe in China[J]. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,2017,434:121-128.
APA Wei, GB.,He, CD.,Hu, Y.,Yu, KF.,Chen, SK.,...&elephantfossil@aliyun.com.(2017).First discovery of a bone handaxe in China.QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,434,121-128.
MLA Wei, GB,et al."First discovery of a bone handaxe in China".QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL 434(2017):121-128.
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