Unusual Rainfall in Southern China in Decaying August during Extreme El Nino 2015/16: Role of the Western Indian Ocean and North Tropical Atlantic SST
Chen, JP; Wang, X; Zhou, W; Wang, CZ; Xie, Q; Li, G; Chen, S; wangxin@scsio.ac.cn
2018
发表期刊JOURNAL OF CLIMATE
卷号31期号:17页码:7019-7034
摘要Previous research has suggested that the anomalous western North Pacific anticyclone (WNPAC) can generally persist from an El Nino mature winter to the subsequent summer, influencing southern China precipitation significantly, where southern China includes the Yangtze River valley and South China. Since the late 1970s, three extreme El Nino events have been recorded: 1982/83, 1997/98, and 2015/16. There was a sharp contrast in the change in southern China rainfall and corresponding atmospheric circulations in the decaying August between the 2015/16 extreme El Nino event and the earlier two extreme El Nino events. Enhanced rainfall in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River and suppressed rainfall over South China resulted from basinwide warming in the tropical Indian Ocean induced by the extreme El Nino in August 1983 and 1998, which was consistent with previous studies. However, an anomalous western North Pacific cyclone emerged in August 2016 and then caused positive rainfall anomalies over South China and negative rainfall anomalies from the Yangtze River to the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. Without considering the effect of the long-term global warming trend, in August 2016 the negative SST anomalies over the western Indian Ocean and cooling in the north tropical Atlantic contributed to the anomalous western North Pacific cyclone and a rainfall anomaly pattern with opposite anomalies in South China and the Yangtze River region. Numerical experiments with the CAM5 model are conducted to confirm that cooler SST in the western Indian Ocean contributed more than cooler SST in the north tropical Atlantic to the anomalous western North Pacific cyclone and anomalous South China rainfall.
部门归属[Chen, Jiepeng; Wang, Xin; Wang, Chunzai; Xie, Qiang; Chen, Sheng] Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Wang, Xin; Xie, Qiang] Qingdao Natl Lab Marine Sci & Technol, Lab Reg Oceanog & Numer Modeling, Qingdao, Peoples R China; [Zhou, Wen] City Univ Hong Kong, Guy Carpenter Asia Pacific Climate Impact Ctr, Sch Energy & Environm, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China; [Xie, Qiang] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Deep Sea Sci & Engn, Sanya, Peoples R China; [Li, Gang] Xichang Satellite Launch Ctr, Xichang, Peoples R China
关键词Atmosphere-ocean Interaction Atmospheric Circulation El Nino Rainbands Rainfall Sea Surface Temperature
学科领域Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
资助项目LTO
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/17052
专题热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
通讯作者wangxin@scsio.ac.cn
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GB/T 7714
Chen, JP,Wang, X,Zhou, W,et al. Unusual Rainfall in Southern China in Decaying August during Extreme El Nino 2015/16: Role of the Western Indian Ocean and North Tropical Atlantic SST[J]. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE,2018,31(17):7019-7034.
APA Chen, JP.,Wang, X.,Zhou, W.,Wang, CZ.,Xie, Q.,...&wangxin@scsio.ac.cn.(2018).Unusual Rainfall in Southern China in Decaying August during Extreme El Nino 2015/16: Role of the Western Indian Ocean and North Tropical Atlantic SST.JOURNAL OF CLIMATE,31(17),7019-7034.
MLA Chen, JP,et al."Unusual Rainfall in Southern China in Decaying August during Extreme El Nino 2015/16: Role of the Western Indian Ocean and North Tropical Atlantic SST".JOURNAL OF CLIMATE 31.17(2018):7019-7034.
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