SCSIO OpenIR  > 热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
Multiple Time Scale Variability of the Sea Surface Salinity Dipole Mode in the Tropical Indian Ocean
Zhang, YH; Du, Y; Feng, M; duyan@scsio.ac.cn
2018
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF CLIMATE
Volume31Issue:1Pages:283-296
AbstractIn this study, multiple time scale variability of the salinity dipole mode in the tropical Indian Ocean (S-IOD) is revealed based on the 57-yr Ocean Reanalysis System 4 (ORAS4) sea surface salinity (SSS) reanalysis product and associated observations. On the interannual time scale, S-IOD is highly correlated with strong Indian Ocean dipole (IOD) and ENSO variability, with ocean advection forced by wind anomalies along the equator and precipitation anomalies in the southeastern tropical Indian Ocean (IO) dominating the SSS variations in the northern and southern poles of the S-IOD, respectively. S-IOD variability is also associated with the decadal modulation of the Indo-Pacific Walker circulation, with a stronger signature at its southern pole. Decadal variations of the equatorial IO winds and precipitations in the central IO force zonal ocean advection anomalies that contribute to the SSS variability in the northern pole of S-IOD on the decadal time scale. Meanwhile, oceanic dynamics dominates the SSS variability in the southern pole of S-IOD off Western Australia. Anomalous ocean advection transports the fresher water from low latitudes to the region off Western Australia, with additional contributions from the Indonesian Throughflow. Furthermore, the southern pole of S-IOD is associated with the thermocline variability originated from the tropical northwestern Pacific through the waveguide in the Indonesian Seas, forced by decadal Pacific climate variability. A deepening (shoaling) thermocline strengthens (weakens) the southward advection of surface freshwater into the southern pole of S-IOD and contributes to the high (low) SSS signatures off Western Australia.
Department[Zhang, Yuhong; Du, Yan] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Feng, Ming] Indian Ocean Marine Res Ctr, Commonwealth Sci & Ind Res Org Oceans & Atmospher, Crawley, WA, Australia; [Feng, Ming] Commonwealth Sci & Ind Res Org Oceans & Atmospher, Ctr Southern Hemisphere Oceans Res, Hobart, Tas, Australia
Subject AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Funding ProjectLTO
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/17104
Collection热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
Corresponding Authorduyan@scsio.ac.cn
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, YH,Du, Y,Feng, M,et al. Multiple Time Scale Variability of the Sea Surface Salinity Dipole Mode in the Tropical Indian Ocean[J]. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE,2018,31(1):283-296.
APA Zhang, YH,Du, Y,Feng, M,&duyan@scsio.ac.cn.(2018).Multiple Time Scale Variability of the Sea Surface Salinity Dipole Mode in the Tropical Indian Ocean.JOURNAL OF CLIMATE,31(1),283-296.
MLA Zhang, YH,et al."Multiple Time Scale Variability of the Sea Surface Salinity Dipole Mode in the Tropical Indian Ocean".JOURNAL OF CLIMATE 31.1(2018):283-296.
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