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Coral-Derived Western Pacific Tropical Sea Surface Temperatures During the Last Millennium
Chen, TR; Cobb, KM; Roff, G; Zhao, JX; Yang, HQ; Hu, MH; Zhao, K;
AbstractReconstructions of ocean temperatures prior to the industrial era serve to constrain natural climate variability on decadal to centennial timescales, yet relatively few such observations are available from the west Pacific Warm Pool. Here we present multiple coral-based sea surface temperature reconstructions from Yongle Atoll, in the South China Sea over the last similar to 1,250 years (762-2013 Common Era [CE]). Reconstructed coral Sr/Ca-sea surface temperatures indicate that the "Little Ice Age (1711-1817 CE)" period was similar to 0.7 degrees C cooler than the " Medieval Climate Anomaly (913-1132 CE)" and that late 20th century warming of the western Pacific is likely unprecedented over the past millennium. Our findings suggest that the Western Pacific Warm Pool may have expanded (contracted) during the Medieval Climate Anomaly (Little Ice Age), leading to a strengthening (weakening) of the Asian summer monsoon, as recorded in Chinese stalagmites. Plain Language Summary Tropical Pacific climate variability influences global climate system on interannual and longer timescales. In contrast to the eastern and central tropical Pacific, where paleo-sea surface temperature data are relatively abundant, such data are fairly sparse in the western tropical Pacific, which limits our understanding of Pacific Warm Pool and its role in low-frequency climate variability. Here we present a multiple coral-based estimates of monthly resolved sea surface temperature from the Yongle Atoll, South China Sea, that span segments of the last 1,250 years. We demonstrate significant variations in mean sea surface temperature over this period-with warmer conditions during the so-called " Medieval Climate Anomaly" and cooler conditions during the so-called " Little Ice Age," in keeping with compilations of Northern Hemisphere temperature over this period. Our data also reveal unprecedented warming of sea surface temperatures in the late 20th century and early 21st century that are unprecedented in the past 1,250 years. We believe that our manuscript will be of broad interest to geologists, climatologists, and coral reef scientists, given the paucity of climate records from the region.
Department[Chen, Tianran; Yang, Hongqiang; Hu, Minhang; Zhao, Kuan] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Ocean & Marginal Sea Geol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Cobb, Kim M.] Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Earth & Atmospher Sci, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA; [Roff, George] Univ Queensland, Sch Biol Sci, St Lucia, Qld, Australia; [Zhao, Jianxin] Univ Queensland, Sch Earth & Environm Sci, Radiogen Isotope Facil, St Lucia, Qld, Australia
Subject AreaGeology
Funding ProjectMSG
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, TR,Cobb, KM,Roff, G,et al. Coral-Derived Western Pacific Tropical Sea Surface Temperatures During the Last Millennium[J]. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,2018,45(8):3542-3549.
APA Chen, TR.,Cobb, KM.,Roff, G.,Zhao, JX.,Yang, HQ.,...& Western Pacific Tropical Sea Surface Temperatures During the Last Millennium.GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,45(8),3542-3549.
MLA Chen, TR,et al."Coral-Derived Western Pacific Tropical Sea Surface Temperatures During the Last Millennium".GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 45.8(2018):3542-3549.
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