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Frictional properties of the South China Sea oceanic basalt and implications for strength of the Manila subduction seismogenic zone
Zhang, L; He, CR; Liu, YJ; Lin, J; zhanglei@ies.ac.cn
2018
发表期刊MARINE GEOLOGY
卷号394页码:16-29
摘要We conduct friction experiments on a basalt sample (No. U1431E41R6W) from International Oceanic Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 349 in the temperature range of 100-600 degrees C and effective normal stress of 50 MPa with 100 MPa pore fluid pressure. Loading rates are stepped up and down in the range of 0.04-1.0 mu m/s to obtain the velocity dependence of friction. Based on the rate and state friction law, we numerically fit the experimental curves to acquire constitutive parameters that cannot be obtained by direct measurement. Experimental results show that basalt friction coefficient varies from 0.70 to 0.74, similar to the range of gabbro documented in a previous study (He et al., 2007). Stable velocity-strengthening behavior is observed at temperatures of 100 degrees C and 200 degrees C, and unstable velocity-weakening at temperatures above 300 degrees C with occurrences of periodic stick slips. Both a and b values inferred by numerical fittings show positive temperature dependence in the temperature range of 100-600 degrees C. The stick-slip motions above 300 degrees C seem to be due to a dramatic decrease in the characteristic slip distance d(c), from 11 to 15 pm to 0.4-2.5 mu m. Based on our results and plastic flow laws of mafic rocks from a previous study, fault strength profile and slip stability of Manila subduction zone are discussed with calculations in the context of a unified friction-flow model. The inferred lower boundary of seismogenic zone of Manila subduction fault is around 40 km, which is in a reasonable range compared with seismicity data.
部门归属[Zhang, Lei; He, Changrong] China Earthquake Adm, Inst Geol, State Key Lab Earthquake Dynam, Beijing, Peoples R China; [Zhang, Lei; Liu, Yajing] McGill Univ, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Montreal, PQ, Canada; [Lin, Jian] Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Dept Geol & Geophys, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA; [Lin, Jian] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Marginal Sea Geol, Beijing, Peoples R China
学科领域Geology ; Oceanography
关键词[WOS]Frictional strength ; Slip stability ; Earthquake ; Manila subduction zone ; IODP Expedition 349
资助项目MSG
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/17165
专题中科院边缘海地质重点实验室
通讯作者zhanglei@ies.ac.cn
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Zhang, L,He, CR,Liu, YJ,et al. Frictional properties of the South China Sea oceanic basalt and implications for strength of the Manila subduction seismogenic zone[J]. MARINE GEOLOGY,2018,394:16-29.
APA Zhang, L,He, CR,Liu, YJ,Lin, J,&zhanglei@ies.ac.cn.(2018).Frictional properties of the South China Sea oceanic basalt and implications for strength of the Manila subduction seismogenic zone.MARINE GEOLOGY,394,16-29.
MLA Zhang, L,et al."Frictional properties of the South China Sea oceanic basalt and implications for strength of the Manila subduction seismogenic zone".MARINE GEOLOGY 394(2018):16-29.
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