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Microseisms Generated by Super Typhoon Megi in the Western Pacific Ocean
Lin, JM; Lin, J; Xu, M;;
AbstractMicroseisms generated by the super typhoon Megi (13-24 October 2010) were detected on both land-based and island-based seismic stations. We applied temporal frequency spectrum analysis to investigate the temporal evolution of the microseisms. When Megi was over the deep basins of the Philippine Sea, only weak microseisms with short-period double frequency (SPDF, similar to 0.20-0.40 Hz) were observed. However, after Megi traveled into the shallower waters of the South China Sea, microseisms with both long-period double frequency (LPDF, similar to 0.12-0.20 Hz) and SPDF were recorded. The excitation source regions of the microseisms were analyzed using seismic waveform records and synthetic modeling in frequency domain. Results reveal that part of the LPDF microseisms were excited in coastal source regions, while the intensity of both LPDF and SPDF microseisms correlated well with the distance from seismic stations to the typhoon center. Synthetic computations of equivalent surface pressure and corresponding microseisms show that the wave-to-wave interaction induced by coastal reflection has primary effects on microseismic frequency band of similar to 0.10-0.20 Hz. The coastal generation of the dispersive LPDF microseisms is also supported by the observation of ocean swells induced by Megi through the images of C-band ENVISAT-ASAR satellite during its migration process. Two source regions of the microseisms during the life span of Megi are finally distinguished: One was mainly located in the left-rear quadrant of the typhoon center that generated both LPDF and SPDF microseisms at shallow seas, while the other one was near the coasts that generated mostly LPDF microseisms.
Department[Lin, Jianmin] Zhejiang Ocean Univ, Marine Acoust & Remote Sensing Lab, Zhoushan, Peoples R China; [Lin, Jian] Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Dept Geol & Geophys, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA; [Lin, Jian; Xu, Min] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Ocean & Marginal Sea Geol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Subject AreaOceanography
WOS Keywordmicroseisms ; typhoon ; ocean wave ; source region ; generation mechanism
Funding ProjectMSG
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lin, JM,Lin, J,Xu, M,et al. Microseisms Generated by Super Typhoon Megi in the Western Pacific Ocean[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS,2018,122(12):9518-9529.
APA Lin, JM,Lin, J,Xu, M,,& Generated by Super Typhoon Megi in the Western Pacific Ocean.JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS,122(12),9518-9529.
MLA Lin, JM,et al."Microseisms Generated by Super Typhoon Megi in the Western Pacific Ocean".JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS 122.12(2018):9518-9529.
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