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A New Assessment of Mesoscale Eddies in the South China Sea: Surface Features, Three-Dimensional Structures, and Thermohaline Transports
He, Qingyou1,2; Zhan, Haigang1; Cai, Shuqun; He, Yinghui; Huang, Gaolong1,2; Zhan, Weikang1,2
2018
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS
ISSN2169-9275
Volume123Issue:7Pages:4906
AbstractBy analyzing 22 years (1993-2015) of daily eddy data, statistics of surface eddy properties were refreshed in the South China Sea. More than 7,000 of historical Argo profiles were collocated into eddy-centered coordinates to reveal the composite mean three-dimensional structure of eddies. The results indicate that eddies of both polarities have long conical shape, with a maximum (minimum) density anomaly of 0.55 kg/m(3) (-0.51 kg/m(3)) at 60 m (90 m) in the composite cyclonic (anticyclonic) eddy. Temperature and salinity anomalies also peak at eddy cores, with values of -1.5 degrees C and 0.15 psu in the cyclonic eddy and 1.4 degrees C and -0.16 psu in the anticyclonic eddy. The temperature and density anomalies extend vertically to 400-500 m, while the salinity anomalies are apparent only in the upper 150 m. The temperature anomalies contribute about 90% of the density anomalies. Mixed layer depths in cyclonic eddies are on average 15 m shallower than those in anticyclonic eddies. The rotation of the composite cyclonic (anticyclonic) eddy generates meridional heat transport of 1.4 x 10(12) W (-3.1 x 10(12) W) and salt transport of -4.0 x 10(4) kg/s (5.6 x 10(4) kg/s). More than 90% of the heat and salt transports are concentrated in the upper 300 and 100 m, respectively. Compared to the meridional transports, the westward propagation of eddies results in zonal heat and salt transports on the same orders of magnitudes. The westward propagation of eddies also generates a basin-scale westward water transport of 1.4 Sv, equivalent to about 30% of the annual-mean Luzon Strait transport.
DepartmentLTO
Keywordmesoscale eddies three-dimensional structure heat transport salt transport South China Sea
DOI10.1029/2018JC014054
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/17587
Collection热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangdong Key Lab Ocean Remote Sensing, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
He, Qingyou,Zhan, Haigang,Cai, Shuqun,et al. A New Assessment of Mesoscale Eddies in the South China Sea: Surface Features, Three-Dimensional Structures, and Thermohaline Transports[J]. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS,2018,123(7):4906, 4929.
APA He, Qingyou,Zhan, Haigang,Cai, Shuqun,He, Yinghui,Huang, Gaolong,&Zhan, Weikang.(2018).A New Assessment of Mesoscale Eddies in the South China Sea: Surface Features, Three-Dimensional Structures, and Thermohaline Transports.JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS,123(7),4906.
MLA He, Qingyou,et al."A New Assessment of Mesoscale Eddies in the South China Sea: Surface Features, Three-Dimensional Structures, and Thermohaline Transports".JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS 123.7(2018):4906.
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