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Regional coral growth responses to seawater warming in the South China Sea
Yan, Hongqiang; Shi, Qi; Yu, Kefu1; Tao, Shichen; Yang, Hongqiang; Liu, Yi2; Zhang, Huiling3; Zhao, Meixia
AbstractSeawater temperature is one of the main environmental factors controlling coral skeleton growth. Sustained seawater warming is regarded as a major threat to coral growth and reef development Coral reefs are widespread in the South China Sea (SCS), where the history and future of coral growth are of great concern. We integrated 99 linear extension rate series of the coral Porites from 12 locations at three regions in SCS, which include the Hainan Island (HN), the Xisha Islands (XS), and the Huangyan Island-Nansha Islands (HY-NS), and explored the regional responses of coral growth to sustained seawater warming. The sea surface temperature (SST) rose linearly by 0.47 degrees C, 0.71 degrees C, and 0.76 degrees C at HN, XS, and HY-HN, respectively, between 1900 and 2014. During this period, coral growth increased linearly by similar to 21.0% and -0.7% at HN and XS, while HY-NS saw a decline of similar to 2.8% in coral growth. Moreover, interdecadal variations were found for both SST and coral growth. A nonlinear response relationship was revealed between coral growth and SST, with a thermal optimum of similar to 27.5 degrees C for Porites, which is responsible for the regional difference in the long-term trend in coral growth in SCS. In recent decades, reductions in coral growth have occurred in SCS, especially at HN, with the largest fall of similar to 15.1% over the past century, which is attributed mainly to intensifying human impacts instead of seawater warming. A preliminary estimate presents regional-different coral growths in SCS by the end of 21st century, with declines of similar to 8.9-16.3% under the atmospheric CO2 emission scenario (RCP 8.5), implying that the overall downturn of coral growth will be inevitable under the future sustained seawater warming in SCS. The mitigation of global warming is essential to maintain coral growth and coral reef ecosystems in SCS. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordCoral Porites Linear extension rate Seawater warning Thermal adaptation South China Sea
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Ocean & Marginal Sea Geol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Guangxi Univ, Coral Reef Res Ctr China, Nanning 530004, Peoples R China
3.Tianjin Univ, Inst Surface Earth Syst Sci, Tianjin 300350, Peoples R China
4.Guangdong Ocean Univ, Dept Ocean Engn, Zhanjiang 524088, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yan, Hongqiang,Shi, Qi,Yu, Kefu,et al. Regional coral growth responses to seawater warming in the South China Sea[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2019,670:595, 605.
APA Yan, Hongqiang.,Shi, Qi.,Yu, Kefu.,Tao, Shichen.,Yang, Hongqiang.,...&Zhao, Meixia.(2019).Regional coral growth responses to seawater warming in the South China Sea.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,670,595.
MLA Yan, Hongqiang,et al."Regional coral growth responses to seawater warming in the South China Sea".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 670(2019):595.
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