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Tectono-Sedimentary Analysis of the Hyperextended Liwan Sag Basin (Midnorthern Margin of the South China Sea)
Zhang, C.; Su, M.; Pang, X.; Zheng, J.; Liu, B.; Sun, Z.; Manatschal, G.
Source PublicationTECTONICS
AbstractAlthough hyperextended rifted margins have been the focus of many recent studies, the potential interaction between tectonic deformation and sedimentation during extreme crustal thinning is poorly understood. In this study, we aim to explore the tectono-sedimentary evolution during final rifting and lithospheric breakup in the hyperextended Liwan sag basin. We demonstrate the presence of an oceanward inclined shale sequence, which acts as a decoupling level separating a subshale from a suprashale layer. The suprashale layer is characterized by progradational deltaic facies with a high sediment supply to the north and basal facies farther south. Extensional faults together with local gravitational structures are syndepositional and formed during hyperextension. The shale is observed to overlie a highly attenuated basement comprising high-reflective sequences that may correspond to meta-sediments. We propose a new model to explain the interaction of tectonic deformation, gravity sliding, and sedimentation. A first stage includes the crustal necking that goes along with the deposition of synrift deltaic sequences decoupled above prodelta shales. During hyperextension, a high sediment supply is linked to migration of depocenters and extension oceanward. The prodelta shale layer acts as the main decoupling level, gravity sliding affects synhyperextensional sediments, and dome-shape structures start to form. During a third stage, deformation migrates outboard, while formation of dome structures continues in the Liwan sag basin. Although the process controlling these dome-shape structures remains unclear, a magmatic origin is likely. Diffuse deformation related to differential compaction and minor magmatic additions continued to affect the margin after the onset of seafloor spreading.
Keywordhyperextended sag decoupling gravity sliding Liwan sag South China Sea
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.[Zhang, C.
2.Sun, Z.] South China Sea Inst Oceanol, CAS Key Lab Ocean & Marginal Sea Geol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
3.[Su, M.] Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Marine Sci, Zhuhai, Peoples R China
4.[Su, M.] Guangdong Prov Key Lab Marine Resources & Coastal, Zhuhai, Peoples R China
5.[Pang, X.
6.Zheng, J.
7.Liu, B.] CNOOC Ltd Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
8.[Pang, X.
9.Zheng, J.
10.Liu, B.] CNOOC Ltd Deepwater, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
11.[Manatschal, G.] Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, IPGS, Strasbourg, France
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, C.,Su, M.,Pang, X.,et al. Tectono-Sedimentary Analysis of the Hyperextended Liwan Sag Basin (Midnorthern Margin of the South China Sea)[J]. TECTONICS,2019,38(2):470, 491.
APA Zhang, C..,Su, M..,Pang, X..,Zheng, J..,Liu, B..,...&Manatschal, G..(2019).Tectono-Sedimentary Analysis of the Hyperextended Liwan Sag Basin (Midnorthern Margin of the South China Sea).TECTONICS,38(2),470.
MLA Zhang, C.,et al."Tectono-Sedimentary Analysis of the Hyperextended Liwan Sag Basin (Midnorthern Margin of the South China Sea)".TECTONICS 38.2(2019):470.
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