SCSIO OpenIR  > 热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
El Nino-East Asian monsoon teleconnection and its diversity in CMIP5 models
Wang, Peng; Tam, Chi-Yung; Xu, Kang1; Francis.Tam@cuhk.edu.hk
2019
Source PublicationCLIMATE DYNAMICS
Volume53Issue:2020-09-10Pages:6417
AbstractIn this study, we assess the performance of state-of-the-art coupled models in reproducing El Nino diversity and its impacts on the East Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM), based on simulations taken from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5). All of the 17 models used in this study are identified to give reasonable eastern-Pacific (EP) El Nino-related sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTA) and anomalous Walker circulation compared with observations, whereas one-third of the models fail to reproduce the Walker circulation anomalies for central-Pacific (CP) El Nino. In these models, negative SSTA over the eastern-to-central Pacific are found to be too strong, while positive SSTA shift to the western Pacific during CP El Nino. There is thus sinking (rising) motion over the central (western) part of the Pacific basin, implying westward displaced anomalous Walker cells, relative to the observed. This results in simulated low-level cyclonic flow and positive rainfall anomalies over the far western north Pacific/South China Sea during and after the peak phase of CP El Nino, which are opposite to the observed anomalous climate state. The other two-thirds of models, with realistic CP El Nino-related anomalous Walker cell, can better reproduce the corresponding wind circulation and rainfall anomalies over East Asian (EA) region. The contrasting CP El Nino-related teleconnection among models mainly arises from the different simulated CP El Nino SSTA, which in turn determine the circulation anomalies through a Gill-type response. Further analyses reveal that, in the mean state of models with erroneous teleconnection, there exists a large cold SST bias over the eastern Pacific. The stronger Walker circulation, and possibly the stronger Bjerknes feedback, might be responsible for the overly negative SSTA associated with CP El Nino in the vicinity. Our results highlight the sensitivity of El Nino-EA climate linkage to the oceanic state in models, especially for CP El Nino events.
KeywordEastern-Pacific El Nino Central-Pacific El Nino East Asian summer monsoon El Nino-EASM teleconnection CMIP5
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) [41776023, 41731173]; Chinese University [4053283]; Rising Star Foundation of the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology [NHXX2018WL0201]; State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography [LTOZZ1802] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) [41776023, 41731173]; Chinese University [4053283]; Rising Star Foundation of the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology [NHXX2018WL0201]; State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography [LTOZZ1802]
DOI10.1007/s00382-019-04938-3
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) [41776023, 41731173]; Chinese University [4053283]; Rising Star Foundation of the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology [NHXX2018WL0201]; State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography [LTOZZ1802] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) [41776023, 41731173]; Chinese University [4053283]; Rising Star Foundation of the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology [NHXX2018WL0201]; State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography [LTOZZ1802]
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/18206
Collection热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
Affiliation1.Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Earth Syst Sci Programme, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, South China Sea Inst Oceanol, State Key Lab Trop Oceanog, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Peng,Tam, Chi-Yung,Xu, Kang,et al. El Nino-East Asian monsoon teleconnection and its diversity in CMIP5 models[J]. CLIMATE DYNAMICS,2019,53(2020-09-10):6417, 6435.
APA Wang, Peng,Tam, Chi-Yung,Xu, Kang,&Francis.Tam@cuhk.edu.hk.(2019).El Nino-East Asian monsoon teleconnection and its diversity in CMIP5 models.CLIMATE DYNAMICS,53(2020-09-10),6417.
MLA Wang, Peng,et al."El Nino-East Asian monsoon teleconnection and its diversity in CMIP5 models".CLIMATE DYNAMICS 53.2020-09-10(2019):6417.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
El Nino-East Asian m(8822KB)期刊论文出版稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.