Functions of microbiota in monogastric gastrointestinal tract and new practices in animal production
Wu, X; Ran, Z; Kong, XF; Tang, ZR; Dong, XH; ezruan@yahoo.com
2010
发表期刊JOURNAL OF FOOD AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONMENT
ISSN1459-0255
卷号8期号:2页码:695-702
摘要The mammalian gastrointestinal (GI) tract harbors a complex micro-ecosystem consisting of countless bacteria. As an essential 'organ', the gut microbiota plays an important role in host nutrition and health by promoting supply, digestion and absorption of nutrient, preventing pathogen's colonization, and shaping and maintaining normal mucosal immunity. Antibiotics used as dietary additive not only interrupt the commensal microbiota in animal GI tract, but also lead to microbial resistance and antibiotics residues in animal products, which has become a worldwide problem to the health of human being and animals. So antibiotics have been banned as feed additives in many countries. Therefore, animal nutritionists and feed manufacturers are becoming increasingly interested in the topic. This paper mainly focuses on the development and important functions of microbes in monogastric GI tract as well as the factors affecting them. Applications of some novel alternatives in practice to keep GI tract ecosystem healthy, such as probiotics, prebiotics, Chinese herbal additives and exogenous enzymes, and their mechanisms were also introduced. The new alternatives to keep health of GI tract have great ecological, environmental issues and economic social effects. It may lead to the rational design of supplementation for animal production to study the functions of the microbiota, which has profound implications to support continuous development in livestock production in the future.
部门归属[Wu, Xin; Ran, Zheng] Nanchang Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Food Sci, Nanchang 330047, Peoples R China; [Wu, Xin; Ran, Zheng] Nanchang Univ, Dept Food Sci & Engn, Nanchang 330047, Peoples R China; [Kong, Xiangfeng; Tang, Zhiru] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China; [Dong, Xiaohui] Chinese Acad Sci, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
关键词Gastrointestinal Tract Microbiota Animal Production Microbial Ecological Agents Chinese Herbal Medicine
学科领域Food Science & Technology
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收录类别sci
资助项目LMB
WOS记录号WOS:000279103700015
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被引频次:3[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/3804
专题中科院海洋生物资源可持续利用重点实验室
通讯作者ezruan@yahoo.com
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GB/T 7714
Wu, X,Ran, Z,Kong, XF,et al. Functions of microbiota in monogastric gastrointestinal tract and new practices in animal production[J]. JOURNAL OF FOOD AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONMENT,2010,8(2):695-702.
APA Wu, X,Ran, Z,Kong, XF,Tang, ZR,Dong, XH,&ezruan@yahoo.com.(2010).Functions of microbiota in monogastric gastrointestinal tract and new practices in animal production.JOURNAL OF FOOD AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONMENT,8(2),695-702.
MLA Wu, X,et al."Functions of microbiota in monogastric gastrointestinal tract and new practices in animal production".JOURNAL OF FOOD AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONMENT 8.2(2010):695-702.
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