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学科主题: Marine & Freshwater Biology
题名: Is inorganic nutrient enrichment a driving force for the formation of red tides? A case study of the dinoflagellate Scrippsiella trochoidea in an embayment
作者: Yin, KD ; Song, XX ; Liu, S ; Kan, JJ ; Qian, PY
通讯作者: k.yin@griffith.edu.au
关键词: HAB ; Hong Kong water ; Nutrient enrichment ; Scrippsiella trochoidea
刊名: HARMFUL ALGAE
发表日期: 2008
卷: 8, 期:1, 页:54-59
收录类别: sci
部门归属: [Yin, Kedong] Griffith Univ, Australian Rivers Inst, Brisbane, Qld 4111, Australia; [Yin, Kedong; Liu, Sheng] CAS, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Trop Marine Environm Dynam, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Yin, Kedong; Qian, Pei-Yuan] Hong Kong Univ Sci & Technol, Atmospher Marine & Coastal Environm Program, Kowloon, Hong Kong, Peoples R China; [Song, Xiu-Xian] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Marine Ecol & Environm Sci, Qingdao 266071, Peoples R China; [Kan, Jinjun] Univ So Calif, Dept Earth Sci, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA
项目归属: 海洋地质
摘要: Red tides (high biomass phytoplankton blooms) have frequently occurred in Hong Kong waters, but most red tides occurred in waters which are not very eutrophic. For example, Port Shelter, a semi-enclosed bay in the northeast of Hong Kong, is one of hot spots for red tides. Concentrations of ambient inorganic nutrients (e.g. N, P), are not high enough to form the high biomass of chlorophyll a (chl a) in a red tide when chl a is converted to its particulate organic nutrient (N) (which should equal the inorganic nutrient, N). When a red tide of the dinoflagellate Scrippsiella trochoidea occurred in the bay, we found that the red tide patch along the shore had a high cell density of 15,000 cells ml(-1), and high chl a (56 mu g l(-1)), and pH reached 8.6 at the surface (8.2 at the bottom), indicating active photosynthesis in situ. Ambient inorganic nutrients (NO3, PO4, SiO4, and NH4) were all low in the waters and deep waters surrounding the red tide patch, suggesting that the nutrients were not high enough to support the high chl a >50 mu g l(-1) in the red tide. Nutrient addition experiments showed that the addition of all of the inorganic nutrients to a non-red-tide water sample containing low concentrations of Scrippsiella trochoidea did not produce cell density of Scrippsiella trochoidea as high as in the red tide patch, suggesting that nutrients were not an initializing factor for this red tide. During the incubation of the red tide water sample without any nutrient addition, the phytoplankton biomass decreased gradually over 9 days. However, with a N addition, the phytoplankton biomass increased steadily until day 7, which suggested that nitrogen addition was able to sustain the high biomass of the red tide for a week with and without nutrients. In contrast, the red tide in the bay disappeared on the sampling day when the wind direction changed. These results indicated that initiation, maintenance and disappearance of the dinoflagellate Scrippsiella trochoidea red tide in the bay were not directly driven by changes in nutrients. Therefore, how nutrients are linked to the formation of red tides in coastal waters need to be further examined, particularly in relation to dissolved organic nutrients. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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WOS记录号: WOS:000261762400007
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/4522
Appears in Collections:中科院边缘海地质重点实验室_期刊论文

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Yin, KD; Song, XX; Liu, S; Kan, JJ; Qian, PY.Is inorganic nutrient enrichment a driving force for the formation of red tides? A case study of the dinoflagellate Scrippsiella trochoidea in an embayment,HARMFUL ALGAE,2008,8(1):54-59
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