SCSIO OpenIR  > 中科院边缘海地质重点实验室
Reconstruction of storm/tsunami records over the last 4000 years using transported coral blocks and lagoon sediments in the southern South China Sea
Yu, KF; Zhao, JX; Shi, Q; Meng, QS; kefuyu@scsio.ac.cn; j.zhao@uq.edu.au
2009
Source PublicationQUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL
ISSN1040-6182
Volume195Pages:128-137
AbstractLarge transported coral blocks on reef flats and elevated sedimentation rates in atoll lagoons were demonstrated to be excellent proxies for past strong storms/tsunamis in the southern South China Sea. Here we introduce another important proxy-coarse-fraction contents of lagoon sediments. This proxy is based on the principle that coarse fractions of enclosed lagoon sediments are usually controlled by strong sedimentary dynamics on the surrounding reef flat, and thus increases in the weight percentages of coarse-grained fractions of the lagoon sediments should also reflect strong storm/tsunami events or increases in storminess, with the size of the content peak as the proxy for the degree of storminess. Bearing this in mind, we measured the contents of the > 1 mm grain-size fractions (referred to as "coarse-fraction content") in an undisturbed lagoon core precisely dated to cover the last 4000 years. The decadal-resolution data show a systematic variation, with some peaks strongly correlated with in timing with strong storm/tsunami events dated at AD 1872 +/- 15, 1685 +/- 8 similar to 1680 +/- 6, 1443 +/- 9, 1336 +/- 9, 1210 +/- 5 similar to 1201 +/- 4 and 1064 +/- 30 using wave-transported coral blocks. Using the mean coarsefraction content (9.2%) for the entire core as a reference line, a total of 77 peaks were identified for the past 4000 years. Twenty of these peaks are higher than 23%, the mean value for peaks that are correlated in age with the six strong storm events identified using independently dated coral blocks. Among these >23% peaks, 13 occurred within the last 1000 years. The concentration of contentpeaks in the last millennium could be partially due to higher deposition rates and sampling resolution. Over the last similar to 4000 years there appears to be a weakly increasing trend in coarse-fraction contents towards present time, but this trend is not obvious within the last millennium. This long-term variation may be related to changes in both storminess and reef-lagoon morphology. However, the data do suggest three extremely stormy periods centring around AD similar to 1200, similar to 400 BC and similar to 1200 BC, respectively. Overall, this study demonstrates that combined use of transported coral blocks and coarse-fraction contents of lagoon sediments provides an excellent means for comprehensive reconstruction of past storm/tsunami activity. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.
Department[Yu, Ke-Fu; Zhao, Jian-Xin] Univ Queensland, Radiogenic Isotope Lab, CMM, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia; [Meng, Qing-Shan] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Rock & Soil Mech, Wuhan 430071, Peoples R China; [Yu, Ke-Fu; Zhao, Jian-Xin; Shi, Qi] Chinese Acad Sci, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Subject AreaGeography, Physical ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
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Indexed Bysci
Funding Project海洋地质
WOS IDWOS:000263692000012
Citation statistics
Cited Times:79[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/4658
Collection中科院边缘海地质重点实验室
Corresponding Authorkefuyu@scsio.ac.cn; j.zhao@uq.edu.au
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yu, KF,Zhao, JX,Shi, Q,et al. Reconstruction of storm/tsunami records over the last 4000 years using transported coral blocks and lagoon sediments in the southern South China Sea[J]. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,2009,195:128-137.
APA Yu, KF,Zhao, JX,Shi, Q,Meng, QS,kefuyu@scsio.ac.cn,&j.zhao@uq.edu.au.(2009).Reconstruction of storm/tsunami records over the last 4000 years using transported coral blocks and lagoon sediments in the southern South China Sea.QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL,195,128-137.
MLA Yu, KF,et al."Reconstruction of storm/tsunami records over the last 4000 years using transported coral blocks and lagoon sediments in the southern South China Sea".QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL 195(2009):128-137.
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