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Seasonal and interannual variability of the Mid-Holocene East Asian monsoon in coral delta O-18 records from the South China Sea
Sun, DH; Gagan, MK; Cheng, H; Scott-Gagan, H; Dykoski, CA; Edwards, RL; Sua, RX;
AbstractUnderstanding the full range of past monsoon variability, with reference to specific monsoon seasons, is essential to test coupled climate models and improve their predictive capabilities. We present a 54-year long, high-resolution skeletal oxygen isotope (6180) record extracted from a well-preserved, massive Porites sp. coral at Hainan Island, South China Sea, to investigate East Asian monsoon variability during summer and winter similar to 4400 calendar yr ago. Analysis of modem coral 6180 confirms that Porites from Hainan Island are well positioned to record winter monsoon forcing of sea surface temperature (SST), as well as the influence of summer monsoon rainfall on sea surface salinity (SSS). The coral record for similar to 4400 yr ago shows similar to 9% amplification of the annual cycle of 6 delta O-18, in good agreement with coupled ocean-atmosphere models showing higher summer rainfall (lower coral 618 0) and cooler winter SSTs (higher coral delta O-18) in response to greater Northern Hemisphere insolation seasonality during the Middle Holocene. Mean SSTs in the South China Sea during the Mid-Holocene were within 0.5 degrees C of modem values, yet the mean 6 180 for the fossil coral is similar to 0.6 parts per thousand higher than that for the modem coral, suggesting that the 6 180 of surface seawater was higher by at least similar to 0.5 parts per thousand, relative to modem values. The O-18-enrichment is likely to be driven by greater advection of moisture towards the Asian landmass, enhanced monsoon wind-induced evaporation and vertical mixing, and/or invigorated advection of saltier O-18-enriched Pacific water into the relatively fresh South China Sea. The O-18-enrichment of the northern South China Sea similar to 4400 yr ago contributes to mounting evidence for recent freshening of the tropical Western Pacific. Today, winter SST and summer SSS variability in the South China Sea reflect the interannual influence of ENSO and the biennial variability inherent to monsoon precipitation. Spectral analysis of winter SSTs similar to 4400 yr ago reveals a strong ENSO cycle at 6.7 y, which is significantly longer than the average 3.6 y cycle observed since 1970. The results suggest that the influence of ENSO on winter SSTs in the South China Sea was well established by similar to 4400 yr ago. However, spectral analysis of summer SSS similar to 4400 yr ago shows no significant ENSO cycle, suggesting that teleconnections between ENSO and summer monsoon rainfall were restricted. Taken together, the results indicate marked differences in ENSO-monsoon interactions during the winter and summer monsoon seasons in the past. The fossil coral delta O-18 record also shows that the amplitude of interannual SST and SSS variability was stronger similar to 4400 yr ago, despite ENSO variability being significantly weaker in the Pacific region. Thus it appears that the strengthened Mid-Holocene monsoon was sensitive to forces, other than ENSO, that acted as alternative drivers of interannual monsoon variability. If this is the case, greater interannual climate variability could accompany the strengthening of the Asian monsoon predicted to occur during the 21st century as transient greenhouse warming preferentially warms Eurasia, even if ENSO perturbations remain relatively stable. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DepartmentAustralian Natl Univ, Res Sch Earth Sci, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia; Chinese Acad Sci, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, Earth Environm Inst, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710075, Peoples R China; Univ Minnesota, Minnesota Isotope Lab, Dept Geol & Geophys, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
KeywordCoral Oxygen Isotopes East Asian Monsoon Enso South China Sea
Subject AreaGeochemistry & Geophysics
Indexed Bysci
Funding Project海洋地质
WOS IDWOS:000232047400006
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Cited Times:59[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
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GB/T 7714
Sun, DH,Gagan, MK,Cheng, H,et al. Seasonal and interannual variability of the Mid-Holocene East Asian monsoon in coral delta O-18 records from the South China Sea[J]. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS,2005,237(40545):69-84.
APA Sun, DH.,Gagan, MK.,Cheng, H.,Scott-Gagan, H.,Dykoski, CA.,...& and interannual variability of the Mid-Holocene East Asian monsoon in coral delta O-18 records from the South China Sea.EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS,237(40545),69-84.
MLA Sun, DH,et al."Seasonal and interannual variability of the Mid-Holocene East Asian monsoon in coral delta O-18 records from the South China Sea".EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS 237.40545(2005):69-84.
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