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学科主题: Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology; Genetics & Heredity
题名: The complete mitochondrial genomes for three Toxocara species of human and animal health significance
作者: Li, MW ; Lin, RQ ; Song, HQ ; Wu, XY ; Zhu, XQ
通讯作者: lmw1960@126.com ; rqlin@scau.edu.cn ; hqsong28@scau.edu.cn ; wxy816@163.com ; xingquanzh@scau.edu.cn
刊名: BMC GENOMICS
发表日期: 2008
卷: 9, 页:-
收录类别: sci
部门归属: [Li, Ming-Wei; Lin, Rui-Qing; Song, Hui-Qun; Zhu, Xing-Quan] S China Agr Univ, Parasitol Lab, Coll Vet Med, Guangzhou 510642, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Li, Ming-Wei] Guangdong Ocean Univ, Dept Vet Med, Coll Agr, Zhanjiang 524088, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Wu, Xiang-Yun] Chinese Acad Sci, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Marine Bioresources Sustainable Utilizat, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
项目归属: LMB
摘要: Background: Studying mitochondrial (mt) genomics has important implications for various fundamental areas, including mt biochemistry, physiology and molecular biology. In addition, mt genome sequences have provided useful markers for investigating population genetic structures, systematics and phylogenetics of organisms. Toxocara canis, Toxocara cati and Toxocara malaysiensis cause significant health problems in animals and humans. Although they are of importance in human and animal health, no information on the mt genomes for any of Toxocara species is available. Results: The sizes of the entire mt genome are 14,322 bp for T. canis, 14029 bp for T. cati and 14266 bp for T. malaysiensis, respectively. These circular genomes are amongst the largest reported to date for all secernentean nematodes. Their relatively large sizes relate mainly to an increased length in the AT-rich region. The mt genomes of the three Toxocara species all encode 12 proteins, two ribosomal RNAs and 22 transfer RNA genes, but lack the ATP synthetase subunit 8 gene, which is consistent with all other species of Nematode studied to date, with the exception of Trichinella spiralis. All genes are transcribed in the same direction and have a nucleotide composition high in A and T, but low in G and C. The contents of A+T of the complete genomes are 68.57% for T. canis, 69.95% for T. cati and 68.86% for T. malaysiensis, among which the A+T for T. canis is the lowest among all nematodes studied to date. The AT bias had a significant effect on both the codon usage pattern and amino acid composition of proteins. The mt genome structures for three Toxocara species, including genes and non-coding regions, are in the same order as for Ascaris suum and Anisakis simplex, but differ from Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus and Caenorhabditis elegans only in the location of the AT-rich region, whereas there are substantial differences when compared with Onchocerca volvulus, Dirofiliria immitis and Strongyloides stercoralis. Phylogenetic analyses based on concatenated amino acid sequences of 12 protein-coding genes revealed that the newly described species T. malaysiensis was more closely related to T. cati than to T. canis, consistent with results of a previous study using sequences of nuclear internal transcribed spacers as genetic markers. Conclusion: The present study determined the complete mt genome sequences for three roundworms of human and animal health significance, which provides mtDNA evidence for the validity of T. malaysiensis and also provides a foundation for studying the systematics, population genetics and ecology of these and other nematodes of socioeconomic importance.
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WOS记录号: WOS:000256400000001
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/4986
Appears in Collections:中科院海洋生物资源可持续利用重点实验室_期刊论文

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Li, MW; Lin, RQ; Song, HQ; Wu, XY; Zhu, XQ.The complete mitochondrial genomes for three Toxocara species of human and animal health significance,BMC GENOMICS,2008,9():-
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