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学科主题: Fisheries; Marine & Freshwater Biology
题名: Development of mariculture and its impacts in Chinese coastal waters
作者: Feng, YY ; Hou, LC ; Ping, NX ; Ling, TD ; Kyo, CI
通讯作者: tyyf@jnu.edu.cn
关键词: China ; environmental impacts ; fisheries management ; mariculture development ; seaweed cultivation
刊名: REVIEWS IN FISH BIOLOGY AND FISHERIES
发表日期: 2004
卷: 14, 期:1, 页:40553
收录类别: sci
部门归属: Jinan Univ, Inst Hydrobiol, Guangzhou 510632, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Fishery Sci, S China Sea Fishery Res Inst, Guangzhou 510300, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, S China Inst Oceanol, LED, Guangzhou 510301, Peoples R China; Pusan Natl Univ, Dept Marine Sci, Pusan 609735, South Korea
项目归属: LED
摘要: China has a long history of aquaculture. Since the 1980s, mariculture has been considered by the government as an increasingly important sub-sector of aquaculture. Mariculture provides nutritional and economic benefits, and decreases the intensity of exploitation on declining wild living resources. China now has the highest mariculture production in the world. Kelp made up 50 - 60% the total Chinese mariculture production in 1967 - 1980. Production of Laminaria japonica Aresch, the leading species, reached 252, 907 t ( dry wet) in 1980. The percentage of kelp production decreased after 1981 because of proportionally greater production of molluscs, shrimps and finfish. Marinefinfish and mollusc production increased sharply after 1990. In 2001, the total mariculture production reached 11,315,000 t from a production area of 1,286,000 ha. The rapid development and changes in mariculture species have aroused increasing concern about mariculture's impact on the coastal environment. The impact of coastal aquaculture, such as water quality deterioration and contaminants, will have a significant bearing on the expansion of mariculture. The key of improving and maintaining the long-term health of mariculture zones lies in adopting sustainable culture systems. It is imperative that the density of stocking fish and other economically important organisms such as oysters, and scallops, be controlled, in addition to restricting the total number of net-cages in the mariculture zones. The authors suggest moving rafts ( cages) periodically and to development of a fallow system in which area fish culture will be suspended for 1 - 2 years to facilitate recovery of the polluted sediment. Moving fish culture offshore into deeper waters is also suggested. The authors also believe that large-scale seaweed cultivation will reduce eutrophication in coastal culture zones in China.
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WOS记录号: WOS:000227515300001
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/5587
Appears in Collections:热带海洋环境动力实验室(LTO)_期刊论文

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Feng, YY; Hou, LC; Ping, NX; Ling, TD; Kyo, CI.Development of mariculture and its impacts in Chinese coastal waters,REVIEWS IN FISH BIOLOGY AND FISHERIES,2004,14(1):40553
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