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学科主题: Marine & Freshwater Biology
题名: Effect of different time of salt stress on growth and some physiological processes of Avicennia marina seedlings
作者: Yan, ZZ ; Wang, WQ ; Tang, DL
通讯作者: wenqing2001@hotmail.com
刊名: MARINE BIOLOGY
发表日期: 2007
卷: 152, 期:3, 页:581-587
收录类别: sci
部门归属: Xiamen Univ, Sch Life Sci, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, Peoples R China; Xiamen Univ, State Kay Lab Marine Environm Sci, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, Peoples R China; Chinese Acad Sci, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Key Lab Trop Marine Environm Dynam LED, Guangzhou, Peoples R China
项目归属: LED
摘要: Growth and physiological characters of Avicennia marina seedlings cultured under different levels of salinity were compared at 45 and 100 days after sowing. Based on the growth and physiological responses, the levels of salinity were grouped into two kinds, moderate (5-30 parts per thousand) and extreme (40 and 50 parts per thousand as well as 0 parts per thousand). Root and shoot length, leaf area, biomass of different organs, and net photosynthesis rate all showed a similar trend: the seedlings grew better at moderate levels of salinity but were adversely affected by extreme levels. Longer exposure (100 days) to salinity markedly enhanced the difference between the effects of the two levels on growth. By 45th day, the cotyledons had withered and fallen off. The concentration of ions (K+, Na+, Ca+, Mg2+, Cl-) and ash content of the cotyledons were determined before sowing and 45 days later. Ion concentrations and ash content of cotyledons were markedly lower at 45 days-lower than the initial levels-in seedlings irrigated with water at 0 parts per thousand salinity level. This suggested that the poor growth of these seedlings at 100 days may be due to lack of ions provided by the cotyledons. The high ion concentrations in the cotyledons grown at moderate salinity levels suggest that these organs may function as ion sinks at this stage, reducing the concentration of ions and consequent toxicity caused by excessive concentrations. Root biomass was higher than shoot biomass 45 days after sowing, whereas after 100 days, shoot biomass was higher. At the early stage of growth (45 days), the rate of photosynthesis at lower levels of salinity (0-30 parts per thousand) was limited mainly by stomatal closure but at higher levels of salinity (40-50 parts per thousand), other factors came into play. Later, at 100 days, the causes of reduced photosynthetic rate were other than stomatal closure at both low and high levels of salinity. This indicates that photosynthesis is affected by prolonged exposure to salt stress-including that caused by 0 parts per thousand salinity, as shown by poor growth of the seedlings.
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WOS记录号: WOS:000248855600009
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/5871
Appears in Collections:热带海洋环境动力实验室(LTO)_期刊论文

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Yan, ZZ; Wang, WQ; Tang, DL.Effect of different time of salt stress on growth and some physiological processes of Avicennia marina seedlings,MARINE BIOLOGY,2007,152(3):581-587
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