Occurrences of harmful algal blooms (HABs) associated with ocean environments in the South China Sea
Wang, SF; Tang, DL; He, FL; Fukuyo, YS; Azanza, RV; lingzistdl@126.com; fhe@ualberta.ca
2008
发表期刊HYDROBIOLOGIA
ISSN0018-8158
卷号596页码:79-93
摘要Harmful algal blooms (HABs) occur frequently in the South China Sea (SCS), causing enormous economic losses in aquaculture. We analyzed historical HAB records during the period from 1980 to 2003 in SCS. We found that HABs-affected areas have expanded and the frequency of HABs varied during this period. The seasonal and annual variations, as well as causative algal species of HABs are different among the four regions. Areas with frequent HABs include the Pearl River Estuary (China), the Manila Bay (the Philippines), the Masinloc Bay (the Philippines), and the western coast of Sabah (Malaysia). HABs occurred frequently during March-May in the northern region of SCS, May-July in the eastern region, July in the western region, and year-round in the southern region. Among the species that cause HABs, Noctiluca scintillans dominated in the northern region, and Pyrodinium bahamense in the southern and eastern regions. Causative species also varied in different years for the entire SCS. Both P. bahamense and N. scintillans were the dominant species during 1980-2003. Some species not previously recorded formed blooms during 1991-2003, including Phaeocystis globosa, Scrippsiella trochoidea, Heterosigma akashiwo, and Mesodinium rubrum. Variations in HABs are related to various regional conditions, such as a reversed monsoon wind in the entire SCS, river discharges in the northern area, upwelling in Vietnam coastal waters during southwest winds and near Malaysia coastal waters during northeast winds, and eutrophication from coastal aquaculture in the Pearl River estuary, Manila Bay, and Masinloc Bay.
部门归属[Wang, Sufen; Tang, DanLing] Chinese Acad Sci, Remote Sensing & Marine Ecol Grp, LED, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Wang, Sufen; Tang, DanLing] Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China; [He, FangLiang] Univ Alberta, Dept Renewable Resources, Edmonton, AB, Canada; [Fukuyo, Yasuwo] Univ Tokyo, Asian Nat Environm Sci Ctr, Tokyo, Japan; [Azanza, Rhodora V.] Univ Philippines, Diliman, Philippines
关键词Harmful Algal Bloom (Hab) Spatial And Temporal Variations Management Implications Environmental Change South China Sea
学科领域Marine & Freshwater Biology
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收录类别sci
资助项目LED
WOS记录号WOS:000251729800008
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被引频次:55[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/6041
专题热带海洋环境国家重点实验室(LTO)
通讯作者lingzistdl@126.com; fhe@ualberta.ca
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GB/T 7714
Wang, SF,Tang, DL,He, FL,et al. Occurrences of harmful algal blooms (HABs) associated with ocean environments in the South China Sea[J]. HYDROBIOLOGIA,2008,596:79-93.
APA Wang, SF.,Tang, DL.,He, FL.,Fukuyo, YS.,Azanza, RV.,...&fhe@ualberta.ca.(2008).Occurrences of harmful algal blooms (HABs) associated with ocean environments in the South China Sea.HYDROBIOLOGIA,596,79-93.
MLA Wang, SF,et al."Occurrences of harmful algal blooms (HABs) associated with ocean environments in the South China Sea".HYDROBIOLOGIA 596(2008):79-93.
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