Transition between suppressed and active phases of intraseasonal oscillations in the indo-pacific warm pool
Agudelo, PA; Curry, JA; Hoyos, CD; Webster, PJ; pagudelo@eas.gatech.edu
2006
发表期刊JOURNAL OF CLIMATE
ISSN0894-8755
卷号19期号:21页码:5519-5530
摘要Intraseasonal oscillations (ISOs) are important large-amplitude and large-scale elements of the tropical Indo-Pacific climate with time scales in the 20-60-day period range, during which time they modulate higher-frequency tropical weather. Despite their importance, the ISO is poorly simulated and predicted by numerical models. A joint diagnostic and modeling study of the ISO is conducted, concentrating on the period between the suppressed and active (referred to as the "transition") period that is hypothesized to be the defining stage for the development of the intraseasonal mode and the component that is most poorly simulated. The diagnostic study uses data from the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE). It is found that during the transition period, the ocean and the atmosphere undergo gradual but large-scale and high-amplitude changes, especially the moistening of the lower troposphere caused jointly by the anomalously warm sea surface temperature arising from minimal cloud and low winds during the suppressed phase and the large-scale subsidence that inhibits the formation of locally deep convection. Using a cloud classification scheme based on microwave and infrared satellite data, it is observed that midtop (cloud with a top in the middle troposphere) nonprecipitating clouds are a direct response of the low-level moisture buildup. To investigate the sensitivity of ISO simulations to the transitional phase, the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) coupled ocean-atmosphere climate model is used. The ECMWF was run serially in predictive ensemble mode (five members) for 30-day periods starting from 1 December 1992 to 30 January 1993, encompassing the ISO occurring in late December. Predictability of the active convective period of the ISO is poor when initialized before the transitional phases of the ISO. However, when initialized with the correct lower-tropospheric moisture field, predictability increases substantially, although the model convective parameterization appears to trigger convection too quickly without allowing an adequate buildup of convective available potential energy during the transition period.
部门归属Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Earth & Atmospher Sci, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA
学科领域Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
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收录类别sci
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/8457
专题海洋科技动态信息-印太暖池系统研究
通讯作者pagudelo@eas.gatech.edu
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Agudelo, PA,Curry, JA,Hoyos, CD,et al. Transition between suppressed and active phases of intraseasonal oscillations in the indo-pacific warm pool[J]. JOURNAL OF CLIMATE,2006,19(21):5519-5530.
APA Agudelo, PA,Curry, JA,Hoyos, CD,Webster, PJ,&pagudelo@eas.gatech.edu.(2006).Transition between suppressed and active phases of intraseasonal oscillations in the indo-pacific warm pool.JOURNAL OF CLIMATE,19(21),5519-5530.
MLA Agudelo, PA,et al."Transition between suppressed and active phases of intraseasonal oscillations in the indo-pacific warm pool".JOURNAL OF CLIMATE 19.21(2006):5519-5530.
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