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Biological response to iron fertilization in the eastern equatorial Pacific (IronEx II). III. Dynamics of phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing
Landry, MR; Constantinou, J; Latasa, M; Brown, SL; Bidigare, RR; Ondrusek, ME
2000
发表期刊MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES
ISSN0171-8630
卷号201页码:57-72
摘要Phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing were investigated during the IronEx II mesoscale enrichment experiment using the seawater dilution technique combined with group-specific pigment markers. Growth rate estimates for the phytoplankton community increased greater than or equal to 2-fold, from 0.6 d(-1) in the ambient environment to 1.2-1.6 d(-1) in the iron-enhanced bloom. Grazing lagged growth, allowing phytoplankton biomass to accumulate at a high rate (similar to 0.8 d(-1)) initially. However, grazing mortality ultimately increased 3- to 4-fold to 1.2-1.4 d(-1), largely balancing growth by Day 6 of the experiment. Increased rates were broadly distributed among phytoplankton taxa, but they differed in timing. Whereas picophytoplankton showed more of a steady balance between growth and grazing, increasing grazing pressure on diatoms followed a 3-5-fold increase in larger (>20 mu m) heterotrophic dinoflagellates and ciliates, which grew in response to enhanced diatom biomass. In the ambient environment, phytoplankton production was 15 to 20 mu g C l(-1) d(-1), with diatoms accounting for 17 % of growth and 7 % of grazing losses. Total phytoplankton production increased to 150-200 mu g C l(-1) d(-1) at the peak of the patch bloom, where 79 % of growth and 55 % of microzooplankton grazing involved diatoms. Phytoplankton grazing mortality was significantly correlated with grazer biovolume, and high carbon-specific grazing estimates at the bloom peak indicated growth rates similar to 1.0 d(-1) for the heterotrophic community and up to 1.4 d(-1) for >20 mu m heterotrophs. During several days when high phytoplankton biomass was relatively constant in the patch bloom, the pennate diatom dominated the community and remained physiologically healthy and growing at a fast rate, even though nutrient conditions were suboptimal. Efficient cropping of diatoms by large protistan grazers and rapid remineralization of iron and biogenic silica were required to maintain this dynamic balance. Contrary to expectations, the carbon export ratio did not increase with the iron-induced diatom bloom. Thus, mesoscale iron-enrichment of high-nutrient, low chlorophyll waters in the eastern equatorial Pacific clearly demonstrated that phytoplankton growth rates and standing stocks were iron-limited. However, the food web also demonstrated a remarkable resiliency to environmental perturbation by establishing a new balance in which the essential features of a microzooplankton-dominated, low export system were maintained.
部门归属Univ Hawaii Manoa, Dept Oceanog, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA; Inst Ciencias Mar, E-08039 Barcelona, Spain; Hawaii Inst Marine Biol, Kaneohe, HI 96744 USA; NOAA, DOC, NESDIS, Camp Springs, MD 20746 USA
关键词Marker Pigments Production Iron-limitation Grazing Regulation Ciliates Dinoflagellates Diatoms
学科领域Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Oceanography
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语种英语
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.scsio.ac.cn/handle/344004/9308
专题海洋微食物网高被引文献
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Landry, MR,Constantinou, J,Latasa, M,et al. Biological response to iron fertilization in the eastern equatorial Pacific (IronEx II). III. Dynamics of phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing[J]. MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES,2000,201:57-72.
APA Landry, MR,Constantinou, J,Latasa, M,Brown, SL,Bidigare, RR,&Ondrusek, ME.(2000).Biological response to iron fertilization in the eastern equatorial Pacific (IronEx II). III. Dynamics of phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing.MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES,201,57-72.
MLA Landry, MR,et al."Biological response to iron fertilization in the eastern equatorial Pacific (IronEx II). III. Dynamics of phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing".MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES 201(2000):57-72.
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